Oral health status of disabled children attending special schools of Dhaka city
Background: Children with disabilities and special needs present unique challenges for oral health professionals in the planning and carrying out of dental treatment. oral health care workers need to take cognizance of when preparing treatment plans for children with special needs. Children with disabilities are considered to be a high risk group for dental diseases specially dental caries and periodontal disease. High rates of dental caries, missing teeth, periodontal disease and malocclusion are all indicators of poor oral health of children with disabilities.
Objectives:The aim of the study was to assess the oral health status of disabled children in special schools of Dhaka city.
Study design: This was a cross sectional study.
Study settings and period: The study was conducted in two elementary schools at mirpur area of Dhaka city in the period between of between february 2014 to January 2015.
Subjects: 200 disabled children with the age range from 6 to 14 belonging to six different disability groups were examined. Participants were grouped according to their type of disability autistic children, Down syndrome, Cerebralpulsy, mute and deaf, blind and physical disability.
Methods: Data was collected by using semi structured quationnaire and checklist.Datawere analyzed by statistical package of social science(SPSS- 20).
Results: According to disability the participants autistic 44%, cerebral pulsy 37%, down syndrome 35%, blind 28%, deaf and mute 30% and physical disability 30%.The average number of decayed tooth was found 6.89%. Mean DMFT value was 4.75. Average number of missing tooth was 1.89%.Prevalence of dental caries highest 71% in autistic children then other cetagory of disabilty .Oral hygiene practice of the respondent found very poor.76% children brush teeth in the morning and once in a day.49% respondent use toothpick to clean food from in between teeth.37% of the respondent never visited to dentist. 34.5% respondents had normal gingiva, 49% had mild gingivitis and 16.5% had marked gingivitis. Highest numbers of trauma cases were recorded in visually impaired group. 98.7% children required some form of dental treatment.
Conclusion: Oral health status of children with disabilities was poor and it is important to concentrate on a preventive approach and provide proper dental education to parents of disabled childrens. More attention should be paid to the oral hygiene practice of disabled children
Update Dent. Coll. j: 2019; 9 (2): 32-35
Copyright: Authors retain copyright and grant Update Dental College Journal the right of first publication of the work.
Articles in Update Dental College Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License CC BY-4.0.This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as greater citation of published work.
Ownership Rights: All proprietary rights other than copyright (such as patient rights) are reserved to the authors, this include the right to reproduce original figures and tables from this item in their future works, provided full credit is given to the original publication.
Originality: The authors assures that this submission is an original work and that neither this work nor one with substantially similar content has been published elsewhere in whole or in part (except in abstract form), that it has only been submitted for this publication, and that it will not be submitted elsewhere pending written notice of acceptance or rejection by this journal (Please express explicitly if you have the plan to publish any more article based on partial data of this work).
Declaration of authorship: The undersigned certify that all authors have participated sufficiently in the conception and design of this work and the analysis of the data (when applicable), as well as the writing of the manuscript to take public responsibility for it. The undersigned believe the manuscript represents valid work and have reviewed the final version of the manuscript and approve it for publication.
Data availability: The undersigned attest that they shall produce the data upon which the manuscript is based for evaluation by the Editors of their assignees should it be requested.
Disclaimer: The undersigned assures that the manuscript contains no libelous or unlawful statements and does not infringe on the rights of others. If excerpts (text or artwork) from copyrighted works are included, written permission will be secured by the authors and proper credit will be shown in the manuscript.