Incidence, pattern and presentation of Congenital Heart Disease in neonates in southern part of Bangladesh

Authors

  • Md Barkot Ali Associate Professor & Head, Department of Paediatrics, Gazi Medical College & Hospital, Khulna, Bangladesh
  • Syed Didarul Haque Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Gazi Medical College, Khulna, Bangladesh
  • Amar Kumar Saha Associate Professor & Head, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Khulna Medical College & Hospital, Khulna, Bangladesh
  • - Faruquzzaman Junior Consultant, Department of Surgery, Khulna Medical College & Hospital, Khulna, Bangladesh
  • Muhammad Ashraful Kabir Assistant Profesor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Gazi Medical College & Hospital, Khulna, Bangladesh
  • Sayma Islam In-course Student (DCH), Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College & Hospital, Bogura, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/mediscope.v8i1.52201

Keywords:

Incidence, congenital heart disease, VSD, ASD, pattern

Abstract

Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD) has already been recognized as one of the important cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. The reported prevalence of CHD in live newborns tends to vary a lot due to various unrecognizable lesions at birth and lack of technical expertise.

Aims & objectives: The ultimate aim of this study was to assess the birth incidence and pattern of congenital heart disease (CHD) using echocardiography in babies born in different government and private hospitals and also in different households.

Results: Overall incidence of congenital heart disease in neonate in this study was 4.9 per 1000 live birth. Mean age of diagnosis was 22.5±4.6 days. Average weight of these neonates was 26.70 gm. 61.5 % neonates were female. 30.8% was preterm. Respiratory distress was the most common clinical presentation (76.9%). The commonest type of congenital heart disease was Ventricular septal defect (VSD) (61.5%). Maternal co-morbidity may have influence. 30.8% mothers had gestational diabetes mellitus. Hypothyroidism, hypertension and maternal infection may have co-relation.

Conclusion: In this study, we have found that the overall incidence of neonatal congenital heart disease is 4.9 per 1000 live birth. A high index of suspicion and routine neonatal cheek-up may have key role in diagnosis.

Mediscope Vol. 8, No. 1: January 2021, Page 27-32

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Published

2021-03-01

How to Cite

Ali, M. B., Haque, S. D., Saha, A. K., Faruquzzaman, .-., Kabir, M. A., & Islam, S. (2021). Incidence, pattern and presentation of Congenital Heart Disease in neonates in southern part of Bangladesh. Mediscope, 8(1), 27–32. https://doi.org/10.3329/mediscope.v8i1.52201

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Original Articles