Study of Body Mass Index (BMI) on Medical Students

  • Hafiza Akhter Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Dr. Sirajul Islam Medical College, Dhaka
  • Nasim Jahan Professor & Head, Department of Physiology, SSMC, Mitford, Dhaka
  • Nasim Jahan Professor & Head, Department of Physiology, SSMC, Mitford, Dhaka
  • Fazle Mahmud Associate Professor & Head, Department of Neurosurgery, KYAMCH, Enayetpur, Sirajgonj
  • Fazle Mahmud Associate Professor & Head, Department of Neurosurgery, KYAMCH, Enayetpur, Sirajgonj
  • Nayma Sultana Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, SSMC, Mitford, Dhaka
  • Nayma Sultana Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, SSMC, Mitford, Dhaka
  • Tabassum Ferdous Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Nightingale Medical College, Dhaka
  • Tabassum Ferdous Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Nightingale Medical College, Dhaka
  • Hasina Akhter Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Bangladesh Medical College, Dhaka
  • Hasina Akhter Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Bangladesh Medical College, Dhaka
Keywords: BMI, Overweight, Obese, Underweight, Medical students

Abstract

Background: Body mass index is a valuable tool to assess the nutritional status of an individual. It can be conveniently used to identify those who are underweight, overweight or obese.

Objective: To determine the BMI status of medical students.

Methods: This cross sectional descriptive study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka from July 2009 to June 2010. A total number of 264 students of both sexes, age ranged from 19 to 21 years were included. A structured questionnaire was used to collect and record the information on age, sex, height in meters and weight in kilograms of each subject. The measurements were taken under supervision using a standardized weighing machine, height measuring scale and measuring tape. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated using the formula weight (in kilogram)/ height2 (in meter). Using cut off points from World Health Organization (WHO) criteria BMI was classified. Statistical analysis was done by using SPSS version 16.

Result: Mean BMI of male students was 21.64 and of female students was 23.52. In this study, the prevalence of overweight was 20.5% and obesity was 4.5% while 63.6% of the students were within normal weight range and 11.3% were underweight. Among the male students 9.35% were underweight, 76.97% were normal weight, 10.07% were overweight, 3.59% were obese and among female students it was 13.6%, 48.8%, 32% and 4.54% respectively.

Conclusion: This study reveals that overweight is a rising problem for both male and female medical students. Moreover, overweight and underweight issues are more common in female students.

KYAMC Journal Vol. 5, No.-1, Jul 2014, Page 472-475

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Author Biography

Hafiza Akhter, Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Dr. Sirajul Islam Medical College, Dhaka


Published
2017-04-24
How to Cite
Akhter, H., Jahan, N., Jahan, N., Mahmud, F., Mahmud, F., Sultana, N., Sultana, N., Ferdous, T., Ferdous, T., Akhter, H., & Akhter, H. (2017). Study of Body Mass Index (BMI) on Medical Students. KYAMC Journal, 5(1), 472-475. https://doi.org/10.3329/kyamcj.v5i1.32319
Section
Original Articles