Cytomegalovirus Antibodies Amongst Immunocompromised (HIV) Patients At Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) Idi - Araba, Lagos

Authors

  • AA Akinbami Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos State University, College of Medicine
  • AS Akanmu Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos University Teaching Hospital Idiaraba.
  • TA Adeyemo Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos University Teaching Hospital Idiaraba.
  • KO Wright Department of Community Health and Primary Health Care, Lagos State University College of Medicine.
  • MO Dada Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos State University, College of Medicine
  • AO Dosunmu Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos State University, College of Medicine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jom.v11i2.5462

Keywords:

Seroprevalence, CMV IgG/IgM, ELISA, healthy blood donors, HIV-infected patients

Abstract

Background: CMV infection constitutes a real risk of pathogenecity in immunocompromised patient. HIV- infected
patients who require transfusion are at high risk of developing symptomatic CMV infection when they are transfused
with CMV-infected donor blood. This study intends to determine CMV infection risk in correlation with blood
transfusion in a population of HIV- infected patients
Methods: The study was carried out amongst clients attending HIV clinic at Lagos University Teaching Hospital
(LUTH), who were recruited consecutively. Replacement blood donors of the hospital were recruited as controls. A
total of 10mls of blood sample was collected per consenting participant. The serum obtained from 5ml of blood was
assayed for CMV IgG/IgM using an enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based Kit whilst full blood count
and CD4 cell counts were also performed on the remaining 5mls.
Results: A total of 129 HIV-infected were studied. All (100%) were IgG anti-CMV positive. 8 (6.6%) were IgM anti-
CMV positive. This difference was found to be statistically significant P=0.004, (P<0.05). Of 122 replacement blood
donor controls, 118 (96%) of them were IgG anti-CMV positive whilst 26 (19.5%) of 121 were IgM anti-CMV
positive.The mean CD4+ cell count of HIV-infected patients was (234 ± 173.181). Previous history of blood
transfusion did not affect CMV antibody positivity directly.
Conclusion: The seroprevalence of CMV is very high in HIV-infected patients, which is comparable to the
seroprevalence amongst the general population The use of leukoreduced blood units for anaemic HIV infected
patients, is recommended.

Keywords:
Seroprevalence; CMV IgG/IgM; ELISA; healthy blood donors; HIV-infected patients.

DOI: 10.3329/jom.v11i2.5462

J MEDICINE 2010; 11 : 151-154

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How to Cite

Akinbami, A., Akanmu, A., Adeyemo, T., Wright, K., Dada, M., & Dosunmu, A. (2010). Cytomegalovirus Antibodies Amongst Immunocompromised (HIV) Patients At Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) Idi - Araba, Lagos. Journal of Medicine, 11(2), 151–154. https://doi.org/10.3329/jom.v11i2.5462

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Original Articles