Experience of Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 at Dhaka Medical College Hospital
Keywords:Pandemic influenza A (H1N1), Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh.
AbstractIntroduction: Bangladesh recorded the first case of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infection on 18th
June 2009. This report describes the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of both the indoor and outdoor
patients reporting in Flu Ward and Flu Corner of Dhaka Medical College Hospital.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was done on highly suspected 833 registered outdoor (flu corner) and 28
indoor patients admitted in Flu ward of Dhaka Medical College Hospital during the study period of August 2009 to
November 2009. A suspected case was defined as an influenza-like illness and either a history of travel to a country
where infection had been reported in the previous 7 days or an epidemiologic link to a person with confirmed or
suspected infection in the previous 7 days. A confirmed case was defined by a positive real-time reverse-transcriptase
polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay.
Results: Most of the patients were in between 20 to 30 years age group. Indoor patients presented with mostly fever
(92.85%), rhinorrhea (71.42%), shortness of breathe (89.28%) and cough (64.28%). Maximum duration of fever
in indoor patients was 4 days. RT-PCR from throat swab sample for H1N1 tested positive in 9 (32.14%) indoor
patients. Out of the 833 outdoor patients 596(71.54%) patients had fever, 585(70.22%) had cough, 410(49.21%)
had rhinorrhea and 314(37.69%) had sore throat. Only 2(7.14%) admitted patients died of flu.
Conclusion: Despite widespread infection mortality rate is quite low. Prompt implementation and adherence to
national guidelines on 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) should be encouraged.
Keywords: Pandemic influenza A (H1N1); Dhaka Medical College Hospital; Bangladesh.
J MEDICINE 2010; 11 : 119-123
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).