An Epidemiological Study of Laboratory Confirmed COVID-19 Cases Admitted in Dhaka Medical College Hospital

  • Mohammad Murad Hossain Associate Professor of Medicine, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sayeef Hossain Khan Mark Medical Officer, Department of Medicine, DMCH, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • AKM Humayon Kabir Asst. Prof of Medicine, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Partha Pratim Das Associate Professor (Medicine), Dhaka Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Khairul Islam Junior consultant, DMCH, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Aparna Das Associate Professor (Medicine), Dhaka Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Keywords: Symptomatic, Bangladesh, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Outbreak, Pandemic

Abstract

Background: The objective of the study was to report the epidemiological characteristics of symptomatic laboratory confirmed COVID-19 patients seeking care from Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH).

Methods: This observational study was conducted in department of Medicine, DMCH for the period of 2 months following ethical approval. Total 100 RT-PCR confirmed COVID-19 patients were included and interviewed. Informed written consent was ensured before participation. Collected data were entered in a predesigned case record form and subsequently analyzed by SPSS-20.

Results: Average age of presentation was 37.20±10.02(SD) years with male predominance (77%). Urban presence was in 90%. Thirty-two percent of the patients had comorbidities, with diabetes (16%) and hypertension (19%) being the most frequently observed.The most commonly observed symptoms was fever (65%), followed by cough (58%), breathlessness (42%), Dysgeusia (40%) and fatigue (33%). Mean duration of illness was 8.74±4.8 (SD) days. Overall mortality was 9%. All patients were managed according to the national guidelines and only 7% required ICU support.

Conclusion: Patients were mostly middle-aged and male. Typical presentations were fever, cough, breathlessness and dysgeusia. Overall mortality was 9% among the admitted patients and requirement of ICU was 7%. Further study with large sample size is recommended to get a more precise picture.

J MEDICINE JUL 2020; 21 (2) : 69-75

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Abstract
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Published
2020-11-09
How to Cite
Hossain, M. M., Mark, S. H., Kabir, A., Das, P., Islam, M. K., & Das, A. (2020). An Epidemiological Study of Laboratory Confirmed COVID-19 Cases Admitted in Dhaka Medical College Hospital. Journal of Medicine, 21(2), 69-75. https://doi.org/10.3329/jom.v21i2.50208
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Original Articles