Pattern and Outcome of Self- Poisoning among Adult population Admitted in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Authors

  • Madhabi Karmaker Indoor Medical Officer, Department of Medicine, Dhaka Medical College & Hospital (DMCH), Dhaka
  • Khan Abul Kalam Azad Professor of Medicine and Principal, Dhaka Medical College; Dean, Faculty of Medicine, University of Dhaka, Dhaka
  • Partha Sarathi Sarker Indoor Medical Officer, Department of Medicine ,DMCH, Dhaka
  • Noshin Tabassum Post-Graduate Trainee, Department of Medicine, DMCH, Dhaka
  • Debashis Mohanta Registrar, Department of Medicine, ZH Shikder Women’s Medical College Hospital, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jom.v21i1.44096

Keywords:

Self - poisoning, tertiary care hospital, pharmaceutical drugs

Abstract

Background: Attempted suicide or deliberate self-harm by self-poisoning among adult males and females are a major public health problem to be addressed like any other medical condition. In recent years, patterns of self-poisoning are changing. So it is important to know about the substances used in self poisoning and its outcome.

Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive type of cross sectional study done in Department of Medicine, Dhaka medical college hospital, Dhaka on100 patients with a history of self-poisoning. Study period was six months. A semi structured questionnaire was used for collection of data.

Results: In our study self-poisoning was more prevalent among young age group with female preponderance. Family disharmony (45%) was the commonest cause of self poisoning and most commonly used substance was pharmaceutical drugs. Anxiolytics were the commonest (42 %), organo phosphorus compound (OPC) 20%, mixed drugs 12%, harpic 11%, rat killer 8%, NSAIDs 3%, Dettol 3% and Wheel powder 1%. Out of 90 patients 91.11% patients recovered completely. Death was observed from OPC poisoning.

Conclusion: Knowing the pattern and outcome of self poisoning may improve the community based support system through which we can combat against self- poisoning.

J MEDICINE JAN 2020; 21 (1) : 20-25

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
804
PDF
338

Downloads

Published

2019-11-17

How to Cite

Karmaker, M., Azad, K. A. K., Sarker, P. S., Tabassum, N., & Mohanta, D. (2019). Pattern and Outcome of Self- Poisoning among Adult population Admitted in a Tertiary Care Hospital. Journal of Medicine, 21(1), 20–25. https://doi.org/10.3329/jom.v21i1.44096

Issue

Section

Original Articles