Pattern and Risk Factors of Diabetic Retinopathy among Type 2 Diabetic Patients: Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Authors

  • Md Mostarshid Billah Junior consultant, Nephrology & Dialysis, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Muhammad Abdur Rahim Assistant professor, Nephrology & Dialysis, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Md Anisur Rahman Junior consultant, Nephrology & Dialysis, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka,
  • Palash Mitra Assistant Registrar, Nephrology & Dialysis, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Tufayel Ahmed Chowdhury Registrar, Nephrology & Dialysis, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Md Emtiaz Hossan Senior Medical Officer, Nephrology & Dialysis, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Md Golzar Hossain Associate Professor, Department of Endocrinology, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka
  • SM Ashrafuzzaman Associate Professor, Department of Endocrinology, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Khwaja Nazim Uddin Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka
  • Md Abul Mansur Professor, Nephrology & Dialysis, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jom.v17i1.30053

Keywords:

Diabetic retinopathy, frequency, pattern, risk factors, type 2 diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Background: Diabetic retinopathy is the commonest cause of blindness in the working age group of both developed and developing countries. It is the indicator of all micro-vascular complications of diabetes mellitus. This study was aimed to find out the frequency and pattern of diabetic retinopathy among hospitalized adult type 2 diabetic patients.

Methodology: This cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Medicine and Endocrinology of BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka over a period of six months. Retinopathy was determined by fundoscopic examination in dilated pupil. Data were collected in preformed questionnaire including demographic characteristics, fundoscopic findings, and laboratory investigation reports with prior informed consent of the patients.

Results: Total patients were 94, male were 52 and female were 42. Mean age of the patients was 52.2 ± 11.12 years. Hypertension was the most common (42.8%) co-morbid condition followed by dyslipidemia (33%), nephropathy (34%), neuropathy (21.3%), ischemic heart disease (9.6%) and stroke (5.3%). Study showed 37.23% Patient had good glycemic control (HbA1C <7%) and 62.77% had poor glycemic control. The frequency of retinopathy of any form was present in 36.2% patients. Among them, non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) was present in 78.79%, proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) 6.06%, maculopathy 6.06%, both maculopathy and PDR in 9.09% diabetic patients. Among NPDR, 46.15 % was mild, 26.92% was moderate and 26.92% was severe NPDR. This study also revealed retinopathy was more with increase in duration of diabetes (66.6% vs. 17.3% p=0.01), in poorly controlled diabetic than good control (52.54% vs. 8.5%, p=0.01), those with hypertension (55% vs. 22%, p=0.02), and those having diabetic nephropathy (78.12% vs. 14.51%, p=0.01).

Conclusion: This study showed frequency of diabetic retinopathy was 36.2% and among retinopathy NPDR was predominate. Poor glycemic control, increase duration of diabetes, presence of other microvascular complication i.e. nephropathy found to be significant risk factors for developing retinopathy.

J MEDICINE January 2016; 17 (1) : 17-20

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Author Biography

Md Mostarshid Billah, Junior consultant, Nephrology & Dialysis, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka



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Published

2016-10-23

How to Cite

Billah, M. M., Rahim, M. A., Rahman, M. A., Mitra, P., Chowdhury, T. A., Hossan, M. E., Hossain, M. G., Ashrafuzzaman, S., Uddin, K. N., & Mansur, M. A. (2016). Pattern and Risk Factors of Diabetic Retinopathy among Type 2 Diabetic Patients: Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital. Journal of Medicine, 17(1), 17–20. https://doi.org/10.3329/jom.v17i1.30053

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Original Articles