Acute Confusional State: A Common Clinical Condition with Versatile Variability-A Prospective Study
Keywords:acute confusional state, versatile variability
Acute confusional state account for a substantial proportion of admissions to emergency wards. As the etiology of acute confusional state are numerous and presentation also variable, so many time create confusion regarding the actual diagnosis and thus delay the prompt management which may result in fatal outcome. The objectives of this study was to explore the etiology and age & sex distribution of acute confusional state among hospitalized patients. In this prospective hospital based study, 345 adult patients presenting with acute confusional state were collected from medicine unit Dhaka Medical College Hospital during the period of July’08 to October’08. Patients known to have previous history of stroke, chronic dementing neurological disease were excluded from the study. This study revealed that, patients with acute confusional state constitute about 21% of total hospital admission in medicine wards. Peak incidence of acute confusional state was found to be in two age groups: one in 2nd to 3rd decades and another in 5th to 6th decades. The first peak was due to acute poisoning, CNS infection and hepatic encephalopathy; and the second peak was due to stroke, electrolyte imbalance, systemic infection and disturbance of glucose metabolism. This study also showed male preponderance over female and metabolic causes higher than the structural causes. Stroke comprised the highest percentage (25%) of cases in this series.
JOM 2012; 13(1): 46-50
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).