Memory protective effect of Phyllanthus emblica against scopolamine induced spatial memory loss in male Long Evan Rats tested by Radial Arm Maze

Authors

  • Md Jabir Ben Rashid Department of Physiology, Tangail Medical College, Dhaka.
  • Md Ruhul Amin Department of Physiology, Netrokona medical College, Netrokona.
  • Sharmin Salam Department of Physiology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka.
  • Md Saiful Islam Department of Physiology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College, Dhaka.
  • Sultana Ferdousi Department of Physiology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College, Dhaka.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jbsp.v17i2.72056

Keywords:

Memory impairment, scopolamine, working memory error, reference memory error, Phyllanthus emblica

Abstract

Background: Dementia is the commonest problem of middle aged and elderly subjects due to age related changes and oxidative stress. Many traditional herbal agents including Emblica Officinalis (Phyllantus Emblica) demonstrated its benefit against memory loss. Objective: To investigate the protective effect of Ethanolic extract of Phyllantus Emblica (EEPE) or Emblica Officinalis in scopolamine induced memory impaired male Long Evan rats. Methods: This animal behavioral study was carried out on total 18 male long Evan rats weighing 300-400gm. According to treatment they were divided into NS (control) group (n=6, normal saline 5ml/kg) Sco(n=6; Scopolamine 2mg/kg) and PE(n=6; EEPE 400mg/kg+ Scopolamine 2mg/kg).This experiment was conducted for total 33 days. After 7 days acclimatization NS group and PE rats were treated with normal saline and EEPE respectively for consecutive 26 days. Scopolamine was given to sco group and PE group from day 22 to 26 (5 days during acquisition phase. Spatial memory (working and reference memory error) was assessed by 8 arm radial arm maze (RAM). Statistical analysis was done by ANOVA followed by Bonferroni’s post hoc test. Result: Working memory error (WME) as well as reference memory error (RME) was found significantly higher in scopolamine treated rats compared to normal memory as well as PE pretreated rats whereas no significant difference was found in WME and RME between normal memory rats and PE pre- treated rats. Conclusion: Phyllanthus Emblica can prevent memory impairment in scopolamine induced memory loss in Long Evan rats.

J Bangladesh Soc Physiol 2022;17(2): 101-110

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Published

2024-05-09

How to Cite

Rashid, M. J. B., Amin, M. R. ., Salam, S. ., Islam, M. S. ., & Ferdousi, S. . (2024). Memory protective effect of Phyllanthus emblica against scopolamine induced spatial memory loss in male Long Evan Rats tested by Radial Arm Maze. Journal of Bangladesh Society of Physiologist, 17(2), 101–110. https://doi.org/10.3329/jbsp.v17i2.72056

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