Differential Response of Potato under Sodium Chloride Stress Conditions <i>In Vitrio</i>
In vitro evaluations of salinity (NaCI) effects on three potato cultivars (Atlanta, Shepody and Shilbilaty ) were investigated with five NaCI levels ( 0, 25, 50, 75 and100 mM) by using single node explants. Significant differences were noticed among the cultivars followed by different NaCl levels. Salinity stress gradually depressed plant growth and root development with increased NaCl concentration in MS media. All the cultivars survived at high NaCl (100 mM) containing MS media with exhibiting different growth status. The results indicate that Shilbilaty performed better in shoot length and shoot fresh mass than Shepody and Atlanta. The Atlanta performed better in root growth than Shepody and Shilbilaty at different NaCl media. Highest salinity level drastically inhibits root growth in all the cultivars tested. The control and 25 mM NaCl containing MS media did not affect the growth traits of in vitro potato plantlets. The control was found superior in growth characterized than rest of the tested NaCl levels.
Keywords: Potato, single node, NaCl stress, growth response
J. bio-sci. 16: 79-83, 2008