Pylorus-Preserving Pancreaticoduodenectomy: Evaluation of 50 Cases
Introduction: Pancreaticoduodenectomy is the procedure of choice for periampullary neoplasms. It is considered as a major surgical procedure. It is associated with relatively higher postoperative mortality and morbidity rate, however, with development of technology, proper patient selection, meticulous operative technique, appropriate postoperative care, morbidity and mortality rate has decreased subsequently. Up to the 1970s, the operative mortality rate after pancreaticoduodenectomy approached 20% but it has been reduced to less than 5% in recent reports. This study is designed to evaluate the postoperative outcomes of pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy procedure in our set up.
Objective: To evaluate the outcome of the pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy procedure with the intention to measure operation time and per-operative bleeding, observing postoperative anastomotic leakage and gastric emptying time. To find out postoperative wound infection and complications to detect the dumping syndrome.
Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was carried out in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Combined Military Hospital, Dhaka from July 2013 to January 2017. Fifty patients who underwent pylorus-preserving pancreaticodudenectomy procedure were included in this study.
Results: Out of 50 postoperative patients, 12(24%) patients developed complications. Of these patients, 3(6%) developed wound infection, 2(4%) developed bile leakage and 2(4%) developed postoperative haemorrhage. Pancreatic fistula, vomiting, delayed gastric emptying and abdominal collection all were 1(2%) each. Postoperative mortality was 3(6%).
Conclusion: The present study demonstrated the development of postoperative complications after pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy is as similar as published in different studies. Better outcome can be achieved with meticulous pre-operative evaluation of risk factors and per-operative skill maneuvering.
Journal of Armed Forces Medical College Bangladesh Vol.13(1) 2017: 42-45