Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Dietary Salt Intake among Nurses Working in a Cardiac Hospital in Bangladesh Sciences

  • Rajib Mondal Department of Noncommunicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
  • Rajib Chandra Sarker Department of Noncommunicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
  • Rumana Sayrin Department of Noncommunicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
  • Rubya Afrin Department of Noncommunicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
  • Khurshid Zaman Department of Noncommunicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
  • Narayan Prasad Acharya Department of Noncommunicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
  • Sharmin Sultana Department of Noncommunicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
  • Palash Chandra Banik Department of Noncommunicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
  • Mithila Faruque Department of Noncommunicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
  • Sohel Reza Choudhury National Heart Foundation Hospital and Research Institute, Dhaka
  • M Mostafa Zaman Department of Noncommunicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka
Keywords: Salt, Noncommunicable disease risk factors, Health education, Nurse, Bangladesh.

Abstract

Background: Noticeable proportion of Bangladeshi population including health professionals is habituated with excessive salt intake although having a good knowledge and attitude. There is no related data regarding salt intake practice among nurses in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards dietary salt intake among the nurses working in a selected cardiac hospital.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 211 nurses working in National Heart Foundation Hospital and Research Institute (NHFHRI), Dhaka. The NHFHRI was selected purposively and all of the nurses were targeted to recruit. Modified WHO Salt Module of STEPS Questionnaire was used for data collection.

Results: All of them believed that too much salt in diet could cause serious health problems, and majority (76.8%) had average knowledge regarding the health effects of excess salt intake. More than eighty percent (83.4%) believed that lowering the salt in diet is very important and about two-third (62.6%) used to consume salt just the right amount. Almost half (49.3%) of the nurses were used to add extra salt during their meal and three-quarter (76.8%) were used to take high salt content processed food. The median of extra salt intake among the always users (n=52) was found 2.5 g per day.

Conclusion: In spite of having good knowledge and positive attitude towards dietary salt intake, the added salt intake behavior was noteworthy among the nurses working in NHFHRI.

Cardiovasc. j. 2019; 12(1): 53-58

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Abstract
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Published
2019-10-03
How to Cite
Mondal, R., Sarker, R., Sayrin, R., Afrin, R., Zaman, K., Acharya, N., Sultana, S., Banik, P., Faruque, M., Choudhury, S., & Zaman, M. M. (2019). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Dietary Salt Intake among Nurses Working in a Cardiac Hospital in Bangladesh Sciences. Cardiovascular Journal, 12(1), 53-58. https://doi.org/10.3329/cardio.v12i1.43420
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Original Articles