Administration of Magnesium and its Association with Prevention of Ventricular Arrhythmias Following Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Open Heart Surgery

  • Md Rezaul Karim Department of Cardiac Surgery, NICVD, Dhaka
  • Tawfiq Ahmed Department of Cardiac Surgery, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka
  • Bidyut Kumar Biswas Upazila Health Complex, Kabirhat, Sylhet
  • Shahriar Moinuddin Department of Cardiac Surgery, NICVD, Dhaka
  • Md Kamrul Hasan Department of Cardiac Surgery, NICVD, Dhaka
  • Asit Baran Adhikary Department of Cardiac Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka
Keywords: Magnesium, Ventricular Arrhythmia, Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Abstract

Background: The development of cardiac arrhythmias following open- heart surgery is fairly common. Hypomagnesemia appear to be a significant element in the genesis of postoperative ventricular arrhythmias. Purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of postoperative use of magnesium following cardiopulmonary bypass and minimize the risk of dreadful ventricular arrhythmia.

Methods: Total 80 (Eighty) patients were enrolled for this study divided in 2 groups, Group A (n=40): patients who were given Magnesium Sulphate and Group B (n=40): patients who were not given Magnesium. Monitoring of the patient in ICU was done for incidence of ventricular arrhythmias.

Results: From this study the incidence of postoperative ventricular arrhythmia was less in the magnesium treated group than the control group. Mean serum magnesium concentration decreased to subnormal value, immediately after surgery in both magnesium-treated and untreated groups.

Conclusions: Routine intravenous magnesium administration can reduce the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias after cardiac surgery following cardiopulmonary bypass.

Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 11(1): 23-30

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
491
PDF
397
Published
2018-09-14
How to Cite
Karim, M. R., Ahmed, T., Biswas, B., Moinuddin, S., Hasan, M. K., & Adhikary, A. (2018). Administration of Magnesium and its Association with Prevention of Ventricular Arrhythmias Following Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Open Heart Surgery. Cardiovascular Journal, 11(1), 23-30. https://doi.org/10.3329/cardio.v11i1.38238
Section
Original Articles