Relationship between Baseline White Blood Cell count and C-reactive protein with Angiographic severity of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome

  • M Ahmed Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka
  • NA Chowdhury Department of Cardiology, NICVD, Dhaka
  • SK Chakrovortty Department of Cardiology, NICVD, Dhaka
  • S Gafur Department of Cardiology, NICVD, Dhaka
  • M Aziz Department of Cardiology, NICVD, Dhaka
  • MN Uddin Department of Cardiology, NICVD, Dhaka
  • MR Khan Department of Cardiology, NICVD, Dhaka
  • M Rahman Department of Cardiology, NICVD, Dhaka
  • A Iqbal Department of Cardiology, NICVD, Dhaka
  • M Nasir Department of Cardiology, NICVD, Dhaka
  • SA Chowdhury Department of Cardiology, NICVD, Dhaka
  • Z Rahman Department of Cardiology, NICVD, Dhaka
Keywords: WBC, C-reactive protein, Acute coronary syndrome

Abstract

Background: Inflammation has been shown to play a role in atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndrome. This study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between baseline white blood cell (WBC) count and C-reactive protein (CRP) with angiographic severity of coronary artery disease in patients with acute coronary syndrome and to identify those subsets of patients with acute coronary syndrome who may need to undergo invasive or conservative strategies.

Method: A total of 100 patients with acute coronary syndrome including unstable angina, non-ST elevated myocardial infarction & ST elevated myocardial infarction were evaluated in National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease (NICVD), Dhaka with a view to correlate angiographic findings, C-reactive protein and WBC count.

Results: This study observed that either raised WBC count or raised CRP independently and combination of both WBC count and CRP elevation were significantly associated with more severe coronary artery disease. Either raised WBC count or raised CRP or combination of raised WBC    count and CRP were significant predictor of multivessel disease and high stenosis score.

Conclusion: Elevation of WBC count and CRP in patients with acute coronary syndrome are associated with severe coronary disease. WBC count and CRP can be used as a new and even simpler tool for risk stratification in acute coronary syndrome.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/cardio.v5i1.12209

Cardiovasc. j. 2012; 5(1): 23-29

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Abstract
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Published
2012-10-16
How to Cite
Ahmed, M., Chowdhury, N., Chakrovortty, S., Gafur, S., Aziz, M., Uddin, M., Khan, M., Rahman, M., Iqbal, A., Nasir, M., Chowdhury, S., & Rahman, Z. (2012). Relationship between Baseline White Blood Cell count and C-reactive protein with Angiographic severity of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome. Cardiovascular Journal, 5(1), 23-29. https://doi.org/10.3329/cardio.v5i1.12209
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Original Articles