Lipid composition of Basella alba and Basella rubra leaves consumed in South- Western Nigeria: Nutritional implications
Keywords:Basella species, Lipid composition, Fatty acid, Phospholipid, Phytosterol, Gas chromatograph
The levels of fatty acids, phospholipids and sterols were determined in the samples of Basella alba and Basella rubra commonly consumed in the South-Western Nigeria by gas chromatography. Results showed that the crude fat levels were 4.40 and 4.41 % in the Basella alba and Basella rubra samples respectively. The fatty acid composition of Basella alba and Basella rubra samples shows that the SFA was 26.0 and 24.9 %, MUFA was 1.19 and 1.24 % and PUFA was 72.5 and 73.8% respectively. The other quality parameters of Basella alba and Basella rubra were found: PUFA/SFA, 2.79 and 2.97; MUFA/SFA, 0.046 and 0.050; n-6/n-3, 2.47 and 3.31; LA/ALA, 0.890 and 1.12 and EPSI (PUFA/MUFA), 60.8 and 59.5 respectively. Phospholipids present in Basella alba and Basella rubra were 1679 and 1920 mg/100g respectively. In the group of phytosterols, sitosterol was highest with values of 196 mg/100g and 275 mg/100g in Basella alba and Basella rubra samples respectively. Linear correlation at a = 0.05, df: n-1 showed that significant difference exists between the fatty acid, quality parameters of the fatty acids phospholipids and sterols.
Bangladesh J. Sci. Ind. Res. 52(2), 125-134, 2017
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