Prescribing Pattern of Antimicrobials used in Under Five Years Children in Cough or Cold and Pneumonia in Outdoor Settings of Two Tertiary Level Hospital

  • Shamin Ara Begum Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Community Based Medical College, Mymensingh
  • Aftab Uddin Ahmed Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Mymensingh Medical College
  • Shyamil Kumar Saha Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Mymensingh Medical College.
  • Shamsun Nahar Professor & Head, Department of Pharmacology, Anwer Khan Modern Medical College, Dhaka.
  • Feroza Parveen Professor & Head, Department of Pharmacology, Green Life Medical College, Dhaka.
  • Shamima Sattar Lecturer, Department of Pharmacology, Community Based Medical College, Mymensingh
  • Reemi Chakraborty Lecturer, Department of Pharmacology, Community Based Medical College, Mymensingh
Keywords: Antimicrobials, cough or cold, pneumonia

Abstract

This descriptive type of cross-sectional study was conducted in MMCH and CBMCB during the period from 1st July/2005 to 30th Jun/2006.The aim of the study was to find out the prescribing pattern of antimicrobials in cough or cold and pneumonia in under five years children. Prescriptions were collected from the out-patient pediatric department by using structured questionnaire. The structured questionnaires were made according to WHO/ INRUD drug use indicator. In case of cough or cold, the main findings on drug use were (a) Average number of drugs per prescription were 3.21 in MMCH and 3.85 in CBMCB respectively, (b) Percentage of prescriptions with an antibiotic prescribed was 100% in MMCH and CBMCB, (c) Percentage of drugs prescribed in generic name were 57.69% in MMCH and it was nil in CBMCB, (d) Cotrimoxazole, Amoxicillin and Cephalosporin were used frequently in MMCH and Cephalosporin and Erythromycin mostly were used in CBMCB, and (e) Route of administration were appropriate in both the institutes. In case of pneumonia, (a) Average number of drugs per prescription were 3.77, (b) Percentage of prescription with an antibiotic was 100%, (c) Percentage of drug prescribed in generic name was 27.5%, (d) Cephalosporin were used mostly (45.5%) for the treatment of pneumonia. Trend of poly pharmacy was found in both the institutes

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bjpp.v27i1-2.20069

Bangladesh J Physiol Pharmacol 2011; 27(1&2):13-20

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Abstract
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Published
2014-08-18
How to Cite
Begum, S., Ahmed, A., Saha, S., Nahar, S., Parveen, F., Sattar, S., & Chakraborty, R. (2014). Prescribing Pattern of Antimicrobials used in Under Five Years Children in Cough or Cold and Pneumonia in Outdoor Settings of Two Tertiary Level Hospital. Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 27(1-2), 13-20. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpp.v27i1-2.20069
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Original Articles