Evaluation of the Operative Treatment in Chronic Haematogenous Pyogenic Osteomyelitis by Sequestrectomy and Saucerisation in Children

Md Mamun or Rashid, Md Aminur Rahman, AKM Anisuzzaman Choudhury, Khursheda Akhtar, Khodeza Akhtar

Abstract

Background: Complete resolution occurs in many other types of infections with the use of antibiotics but not always with chronic pyogenic osteomyelitis.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of most conventional method of surgical treatment of chronic pyogenic osteomyelitis by sequestrectomy and saucerisation in Children.

Methodology: This present study was a prospective study conducted at Bangabandhu Shekh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2015 to December 2016 for a period of two (2) years. Patients aged up to 16 years were included in the study. Purposive sampling was done.  Only chronic osteomyelitis of haematogenous origin were included after proper selection of the patients. Sequestrectomy and saucerisation was done. Wound was kept open and allowed to heal from bottom and sides of the wound.

Result: A total 36 patients aged up to 16 years were included in the study. Among the cases two third were male 26(72.23%) and rest were female 10(27.77%). The male female ratio was 2.6:1.Therefore the incident was significantly high in males (p<0.01). Most of the patients 28(77.77%) were in 6 to 16 age group, which was significantly high (p<0.01) and mean age was 9.83years. Average time taken for wound healing was 3.75 weeks. Regarding antibiotics, Cap Flucloxacillin was the maximum choice.  Patients were followed up to maximum 2 years and evaluated clinically and radiologically. Maximum patients 31(86.10%) had satisfactory (good and fair) outcome, but only 5(13.88%) patients had poor outcome. There was a significant association among sequestrectomy and saucerisation with final outcome (p<0.001).

Conclusion: It was concluded that describing operative technique is still method of choice for surgical treatment of chronic haematogenous pyogenic osteomyelitis.

Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases 2018;5(1):15-20

Keywords

Haematogenous; Pyogenic Osteomyelitis; Sequestrectomy; Saucerisation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bjid.v5i1.37711

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Copyright (c) 2018 Md Mamun-or-Rashid; Md Aminur Rahman; AKM Anisuzzaman Choudhury; Khursheda Akhtar; Khodeza Akhtar

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