Quality of life of patients with obsessive compulsive disorder

  • Fahmida Ahmed Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Ibn Sina Medical College, Dhaka
  • Meherunnessa Begum Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Ibn Sina Medical College, Dhaka
  • Md Abdul Wahab Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Monno Medical College, Manikganj
  • Sayed Kamaluddin Ahmed Former Head and Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College, Dhaka

Abstract

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a severe and debilitating anxiety disorder which causes severely impaired quality of life. The objective of the study was to assess the quality of life of the patients suffering from OCD. It was a cross-sectional study conducted from January 2011 to June 2011 among 46 patients who attended the out-patient department of the National Institute of Mental Health Sher-E-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh and Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh by using purposive sampling technique. A Semi-structured questionnaire, Dhaka University Obsessive Compulsive Scale (DUOCS), World Health Organization Quality of Life-Scale Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF), Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorder, 4th edition (DSM-IV) were used in each case for this assessment. Results showed that mean age of the patients was (29.07±6.11) years, majority of the respondents (71.7%) were male, 63.0% were unmarried and 34.8% were students. Patients were least satisfied with social domain and patients having only obsession had lower mean score (23.54±1.80) in environmental domain than in patients having both obsession and compulsion (25.15±3.70). OCD patients having major conflict (52.2%) were least satisfied with environmental health domain and patients suffering from OCD for more than ten years (78.3%) had low score than those suffering for less than ten years (21.7%) in overall quality of life domain. Patients having strained family relationship (34.8%) were less satisfied to psychological health domain and patients getting medication (91.3%) had better quality of life in all domains than those getting no medication (8.7%).

Bang J Psychiatry June 2015; 29(1): 18-22

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Author Biography

Fahmida Ahmed, Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Ibn Sina Medical College, Dhaka


Published
2017-06-07
How to Cite
Ahmed, F., Begum, M., Wahab, M. A., & Ahmed, S. (2017). Quality of life of patients with obsessive compulsive disorder. Bangladesh Journal of Psychiatry, 29(1), 18-22. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpsy.v29i1.32747
Section
Original Articles