Polymers and Permeation Enhancers: Specialized Components of Mucoadhesives
Mucoadhesive polymers have recently gained interest among pharmaceutical scientists as a means of improving drug delivery by promoting dosage form residence time and contact time with the mucous membranes. Mucoadhesion occurs between two surfaces, one of which is a mucous membrane and another is drug delivery system. Pharmaceutical aspects of mucoadhesion have been the subject of great interest during recent years because mucoadhesion could be a solution for bioavailability problems that result from a too short length of stay of the pharmaceutical dosage form at the absorption site within the gastro-intestinal tract. It has been a great challenge to the pharmaceutical sciences in order to enhance localised drug delivery or to deliver ‘difficult’ molecules (proteins and oligonucleotides) into the systemic circulation. Mucoadhesive systems remain in close contact with the absorption tissue, the mucous membrane, releasing the drug at the site of action leading to increase in bioavailability (both local and systemic effects). Extending the residence time of a dosage form at a particular site and controlling the release of drug from the dosage form are useful especially for achieving controlled plasma level of the drug as well as improving bioavailability. The present review describes mucoadhesion, mucoadhesive polymers and use of these polymers in designing different types of mucoadhesive drug delivery systems.
Key words: Mucoadhesion; Mucoadhesive polymers; Mucoadhesive force; Bioadhesive property.
SJPS 2011; 4(1): 91-95
Each author must agree to this statement
Authorship: This manuscript is the original work of the authors, each of whom has read and approved of the work. Each author satisfied the requirements contained in 'Author Guidelines' having participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. This participation includes:
- Conception or design of the study, or analysis and interpretation of data, or both
- Drafting the article or revising it for critically important intellectual content
- Approval of the final 'to be published' version
All authors must take responsibility for the integrity of the work. Participating solely in the collection of data does not justify authorship.
Prior publication: This work is not currently under consideration by any other journal. Information about prior publication of any part of this work, or inclusion of patients detailed herein in any other work, has been provided in the cover letter.
Conflict of interest: Details of any financial or other relationship between any author and any other party that may lead to a conflict of interest with the subject or any materials mentioned in this article have been disclosed in the cover letter.