Antibacterial Screening and Phytochemical investigation of bark extracts of <i>Acacia jacquemontii</i> Benth.

  • K Choudhary Department of Botany and Biotechnology, Lachoo Memorial College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
  • M Singh Biotechnology Laboratory, FASC, Mody Institute of Technology and Science, Lakshmangarh, Sikar, Rajasthan
  • U Pillai Department of Botany and Biotechnology, Lachoo Memorial College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
  • N S Shekhawat Department of Botany, J.N.V. University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
Keywords: Antibacterial, Antifungal, Baonli, Medicinal plants

Abstract

Acacia  jacquemontii was  assessed  for  active  principles  to  ascertain  the  rationale  for  its  use  in  traditional
medicine. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the stem bark extracts showed that it possessed the active
principles - alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, terpenoids and tannins. The antimicrobial activity of the extracts
was assayed against pathogenic strains of Bacillus cereus, Bacillus pumilus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas
aeruginosa
, Staphylococcus aureus, S. pyrogenes, and Candida albcans using  the agar diffusion method.
The plant extract exhibited antimicrobial activity against all the test microorganisms. B. cereus and B. pumilus
were the most susceptible to the plant extract while Candida albicans was the most resistant. The minimum
inhibitory  concentration  of  the  stem  bark  extract  of  the  plant  ranged  between  30  and  50 mg/ml while  the
minimum bactericidal concentration ranged between 35 and 60 mg/ml. A. jacquemontii could be a potential
source of antimicrobial agents. 
 
Key words: Antibacterial; Antifungal; Baonli; Medicinal plants. 

DOI: 10.3329/sjps.v2i2.2384

Stamford Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Vol.2(2) 2009: 21-26

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Author Biographies

K Choudhary, Department of Botany and Biotechnology, Lachoo Memorial College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Assistant Professor

Department of Botany and Biotechnology

M Singh, Biotechnology Laboratory, FASC, Mody Institute of Technology and Science, Lakshmangarh, Sikar, Rajasthan

Assistant Professor

Department of Botany

U Pillai, Department of Botany and Biotechnology, Lachoo Memorial College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Associate Professor

Department of Botany and Biotechnology

N S Shekhawat, Department of Botany, J.N.V. University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Professor

Department of Botany

Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur

Published
2010-08-12
How to Cite
Choudhary, K., Singh, M., Pillai, U., & Shekhawat, N. S. (2010). Antibacterial Screening and Phytochemical investigation of bark extracts of <i>Acacia jacquemontii</i&gt; Benth. Stamford Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(2), 21-26. https://doi.org/10.3329/sjps.v2i2.2384
Section
Research Articles