Study on Oxidative Metabolic Changes to Differentiate Exudative from Transudative Pleural Effusions
The purpose of this present study was to differentiate transudates and exudates in pleural effusions. Oxidative stress has been associated with various respiratory disorders. Ninety patients of pleural effusions of diverse etiologies were participated in this study. Subjects underwent diagnostic thoracentesis and standard biochemical parameters (total protein, lactate dehydrogenase, glucose, MDA levels) were measured in pleural fluid and serum. MDA, total protein, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glucose levels in plural fluid were higher in exudates compared to transudates (p < 0.001). Total protein pleural fluid/ total protein serum ratio, LDH pleural fluid/LDH serum ratio and MDA pleural fluid/MDA serum ratio were raised in exudates compared to transudates (p < 0.001). The present study showed that oxidative stress was more in exudates compared to transudates, probably due to the production of reactive oxygen species and it may serve as a marker for differentiation between transudates and exudates in clinical practice.
Key Words: Exudates, Melondialdehyde, Oxidative Stress, Pleural Effusion, Transudates Â Â
S. J. Pharm. Sci. 1(1&2): 38-43
Each author must agree to this statement
Authorship: This manuscript is the original work of the authors, each of whom has read and approved of the work. Each author satisfied the requirements contained in 'Author Guidelines' having participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. This participation includes:
- Conception or design of the study, or analysis and interpretation of data, or both
- Drafting the article or revising it for critically important intellectual content
- Approval of the final 'to be published' version
All authors must take responsibility for the integrity of the work. Participating solely in the collection of data does not justify authorship.
Prior publication: This work is not currently under consideration by any other journal. Information about prior publication of any part of this work, or inclusion of patients detailed herein in any other work, has been provided in the cover letter.
Conflict of interest: Details of any financial or other relationship between any author and any other party that may lead to a conflict of interest with the subject or any materials mentioned in this article have been disclosed in the cover letter.