Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from sputum samples of outdoor patients in Comilla, Bangladesh

  • Baitul Islam Department of Microbiology, Stamford University Bangladesh, 51, Siddeswari Road, Dhaka-1217, Bangladesh
  • Md Zahidul Islam Department of Microbiology, Stamford University Bangladesh, 51, Siddeswari Road, Dhaka-1217, Bangladesh
  • Tithi Rani Das Department of Microbiology, Stamford University Bangladesh, 51, Siddeswari Road, Dhaka-1217, Bangladesh
  • Tasnia Ahmed Department of Microbiology, Stamford University Bangladesh, 51, Siddeswari Road, Dhaka-1217, Bangladesh
Keywords: Tuberculosis, Pulmonary Symptoms, Acid-fast Staining, Tracheal Aspirates

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis has plagued humans since the beginning of history, but was on the decline after introduction of the Bacillus-Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination programs. Tuberculosis appears to be an emerging problem worldwide due to environmental changes, mass migration and rise of drug-resistance phenomenon. This study targets to find out the distribution of TB patients in the sub-urban population around Comilla city in Bangladesh. A total of 455 patients with pulmonary symptoms were included in the study over a period of six months (from January 2016 to June 2016). Samples were smeared and stained with acid-fast technique and cultured in Lowenstein Jensen medium. A total of 2.4% of the patients were diagnosed with active pulmonary TB, 1.53% of whom are males and 0.87% are females. On the other hand, the Mantoux Tuberculin test showed 5.3% of these patients to be positive for TB, 3.3% of whom are males and 2% are females. 23% of the samples were sputum, 59% were pus, 14% were cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and 4% were tracheal aspirates. On the whole, the suburban population around Comilla city in Bangladesh has a moderate incidence of pulmonary TB with military TB being rarely present. A thorough multi-year surveillance is needed to control the situation.

Stamford Journal of Microbiology, Vol.9(1) 2019: 36-38

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
181
PDF
178
Published
2020-02-27
How to Cite
Islam, B., Islam, M. Z., Das, T., & Ahmed, T. (2020). Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from sputum samples of outdoor patients in Comilla, Bangladesh. Stamford Journal of Microbiology, 9(1), 36-38. https://doi.org/10.3329/sjm.v9i1.45657
Section
Short Communication