Factors influencing fertility preference of a developing country during demographic transition: Evidence from Bangladesh
Keywords:Fertility preference, Desired waiting time, Demographic transition, Developing countries, Bangladesh
Fertility preferences indicate the extent of intended control over reproductive outcomes, and are therefore vital components in the analysis of individual fertility behavior and aggregate fertility trends of a country. Despite extensive research, dissimilarities remain regarding the prior stated fertility preferences and subsequent fertility behavior, especially in case of developing countries like Bangladesh; where third stage of demographic transition begun as a result of continuous assessment. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the differentials of fertility preference as well as the possible timing of the next parity progression of those Bangladeshi couples having positive intentions for more children. BDHS-2007 data is used to estimate a series of discrete time event history models of fertility preference and possible timing for next parity progression considering the dynamic nature of fertility preferences, and controlling for changing reproductive life cycle factors and socioeconomic background predictors of fertility. Findings suggest that though death of last child plays a vital role; there is a complex structure of the decision-making around fertility along with gender preference, abortions, couples educational level, mothers participation in labor force. Although socio-economic classes dont have significant influence on fertility preference, mothers age plays vital role on fertility preference and desired waiting time in Bangladesh.
South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.4(2) 2014: 23-30
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