Use of pesticide by the vegetables farmers and occupational health hazards posed by pesticide application in Mymensingh district

  • Md Al Emran Department of Fisheries Management, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Fahad Bin Moshiur Department of Fisheries Management, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Md Abu Tarek Department of Fisheries Management, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Md Mirajul Islam Department of Fisheries Management, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Rifat Farjana Ritu Department of Fisheries Management, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Md Polash Khan Department of Fisheries Management, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Kizar Ahmed Sumon Department of Fisheries Management, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
Keywords: Health hazards, Pesticides, Vegetable farmers, Training facilities, Bangladesh

Abstract

In Bangladesh, the use of different types of pesticides has increased in crop protection purposes. These pesticides may affect farmers’ health and contaminate the aquatic environment. The objectives of the current study were to assess the use of pesticide by the vegetable farmers and their associated health hazards caused by pesticide application. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from fifty vegetable farmers of three different villages at Mymensingh Sadar Upazila during February and March of 2019. Results showed that the mostly used pesticide was Mefonexam (used by 40% interviewed farmers), followed by Thiamethoxam + Chlorantraniliprole (24%), Profenofos + Cypermethrin (20%), and Propineb (10%). The highest application frequency was reported as 30 times for Ebamectin. The present study recorded Chlorpyrifos as the highest using dose (7.5 kg/ha) in vegetable farms. Approximately 42% of the farmers were reported to increase the amount of applying pesticide in the last 5 years where 46% continued same. More than half of the respondents (56%) were reported to use at least one protective measure during pesticide application. Most of the interviewed farmers (56%) reported no health risk while applying pesticides. Sixty percent of the interviewed farmers were claimed to have faced some negative health symptoms. Respondents were reported to face headache (31%), eye irritation (27%), vomiting (20%), dizziness (12%), and skin irritation (7%). The study indicates that the farmers of Mymensingh are not conscious about the proper use of pesticide, thus this kind of injudicious use of pesticide causes serious occupational health hazards.

Res. Agric., Livest. Fish.7(1): 165-174, April 2020

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Abstract
130
PDF
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Published
2020-04-26
How to Cite
Emran, M. A., Moshiur, F. B., Tarek, M. A., Islam, M. M., Ritu, R. F., Khan, M. P., & Sumon, K. A. (2020). Use of pesticide by the vegetables farmers and occupational health hazards posed by pesticide application in Mymensingh district. Research in Agriculture Livestock and Fisheries, 7(1), 165-174. https://doi.org/10.3329/ralf.v7i1.46844
Section
Fisheries