Non-viral Microbial Keratitis in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh

Authors

  • Mohammed Selim Reza Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, North-East Medical College, Sylhet
  • Shamsul Alam Chowdhury Professor and Head, Department of Ophthalmology, North-East Medical College, Sylhet
  • Paritush Kanti Talukder Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College, Sylhet
  • Md Tabibul Islam Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College, Sylhet
  • Md Altaf Hossain Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Sylhet Women’s Medical College, Sylhet
  • Nizam Jamil Hussain Consultant, Friends Eye Hospital, Akhalia, Sylhet
  • Azima Aktar Jhuma Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College, Sylhet

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/medtoday.v33i2.56059

Keywords:

Microbial keratitis, Predisposing factors, Clinical profile.

Abstract

Introduction: Microbial keratitis is a serious ocular infectious disease that can lead to significant visual loss and ophthalmic morbidity. Objectives were to see the profile of non-viral microbial keratitis in a tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology, Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College Hospital, Sylhet between January 2015 and December 2016.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 46.7 ± 16.5 years with male preponderance (54.4%). The most common predisposing factors were trauma (66.7%), and chronic dacryocystitis (25.6%). Fungal growth was more frequent compared to bacterial growth 70 (77.7%) versus 30 (33.3%), p<0.01). Gram positive organisms were Staphylococcus epidermidis (11.1%), Staphylococcus aureus (3.3%); gram negative organisms were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12.2%), Klebsiella species (3.3%) and Escherichia coli (3.3%). Aspergillus species (71.4%) was the commonest fungus. Others were Penicillium species (7.1%), Fusarium species (8.6%), Mucor (10.0%) and Rhizopus (2.9%).

Conclusion: Fungi are more frequent cause of non-viral keratitis. Watering, redness, pain or burning sensation, corneal opacity and dimness of vision are clinical profiles of non-viral microbial keratitis.

Medicine Today 2021 Vol.33(2): 133-137

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Published

2021-11-07

How to Cite

Reza, M. S. ., Chowdhury, S. A. ., Talukder, P. K. ., Islam, M. T. ., Hossain, M. A., Hussain, N. J. ., & Jhuma, A. A. . (2021). Non-viral Microbial Keratitis in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh. Medicine Today, 33(2), 133–137. https://doi.org/10.3329/medtoday.v33i2.56059

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Original Articles