Numerical study of various geometries of breakwaters for the installation of floating wind turbines


  • Keyvan Esmaeelpour Babol Noshiravani University of Technology
  • Rouzbeh Shafaghat Babol Noshiravani University of Technology
  • Rezvan Alamian Babol Noshiravani University of Technology
  • Rasoul Bayani Babol Noshiravani University of Technology



Wind turbine, Floating breakwater, Boundary element method, Euler -Lagrangian method


The everyday growing populations all over the world and the necessity of increase in consumption of fossil energies have made the human to discover new energy resources, which are clean, cheap and renewable. Wind energy is one of the renewable energy resources. Considerable wind speed has made settling of wind turbines at sea beneficial and appealing. For this purpose, choosing the appropriate plates to set up wind turbines on the surface of sea is necessary. Regarding the installation condition, by choosing suitable geometry for floating breakwaters, offshore wind turbine can be mounted on them. Suitable geometry of breakwater for multifunctional usage could be selected with analyzing and comparing pressure, force and moment produced by incoming waves. In this article, we implement boundary element method to solve governing differential equations by assuming potential flow. On the other hand, for promoting free surface in each time step, we employed Euler-Lagrangian method. Finally, to find the appropriate geometry for installing the wind turbine on the breakwater, moment and wave profile next to the right and left side of breakwater body are calculated. Among simulated geometries, breakwater with trapezoid geometry which its larger base is placed in the water has more sustainability and it is the most suitable geometry for wind turbine installation.


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Author Biographies

Keyvan Esmaeelpour, Babol Noshiravani University of Technology

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Rouzbeh Shafaghat, Babol Noshiravani University of Technology

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Rezvan Alamian, Babol Noshiravani University of Technology

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Rasoul Bayani, Babol Noshiravani University of Technology

Department of Mechanical Engineering


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How to Cite

Esmaeelpour, K., Shafaghat, R., Alamian, R., & Bayani, R. (2016). Numerical study of various geometries of breakwaters for the installation of floating wind turbines. Journal of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, 13(1), 27–37.