Change of Diet, Plasma Lipids, Lipoproteins, and Fatty Acids during Ramadan: A Controversial Association of the Considered Ramadan Model with Atherosclerosis Risk

Authors

  • Ahmed Barkia Ecole Supérieure des Sciences et Techniques de la Santé, Sfax, and Laboratoire de Génie Enzymatique et de Microbiologie, Ecole Nationale d?Ingénieurs, Sfax
  • Kamel Mohamed Ecole Supérieure des Sciences et Techniques de la Santé, Sfax
  • Maha Samoui Laboratoire de Biochimie, UR « Nutrition Humaine et Désordres Métaboliques » Faculté de, Médecine Monastir
  • Nouri Zouari Service Exploration Fonctionnelle, Hôpital Universitaire Habib Bourguiba, Sfax
  • Mohamed Hammami Laboratoire de Biochimie, UR « Nutrition Humaine et Désordres Métaboliques » Faculté de, Médecine Monastir
  • Moncef Nasri Laboratoire de Génie Enzymatique et de Microbiologie, Ecole Nationale d?Ingénieurs, Sfax

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v29i5.8902

Keywords:

Atherosclerosis, Diet, Fasting, Fatty acids, Lipoproteins, Ramadan, Tunisia

Abstract

Different Islamic populations have different alimentary habits, notably during Ramadan. The paper reports the change of diet, lipids, and lipoproteins produced during Ramadan in one Tunisian population. During Ramadan, the study subjects consumed more proteins, cholesterol, vitamin E (p<0.01), and polyunsaturated fatty acids (p<0.05). At the same time, they exhibited an increase in total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (p<0.01) and apoprotein B (p<0.05) and a decrease in the ratio of apoprotein AI to apoprotein B (p<0.01). All assayed saturated fatty acids were unaffected by Ramadan fasting while three unsaturated fatty acids (C18:1cis9, C18:2n-6, and C30:4n-6) increased significantly. A return to the habitual diet for a four-week period was not sufficient to restore the pre-fasting patterns. For the study subjects, Ramadan was clearly associated with a change of diet and biochemical profile but its effective impact on atherosclerosis risk was unclear, perhaps, because other non-alimentary changes ought to be considered too. Future studies considering the no-alimentary factors, such as sleep and physical activity, would be useful to clarify the contribution of dietary change in the observed modification of biological profile.

Key words: Atherosclerosis; Diet; Fasting; Fatty acids; Lipoproteins; Ramadan; Tunisia

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v29i5.8902

JHPN 2011; 29(5): 486-493

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How to Cite

Barkia, A., Mohamed, K., Samoui, M., Zouari, N., Hammami, M., & Nasri, M. (2011). Change of Diet, Plasma Lipids, Lipoproteins, and Fatty Acids during Ramadan: A Controversial Association of the Considered Ramadan Model with Atherosclerosis Risk. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 29(5), 486–493. https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v29i5.8902

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Original Papers