Association between Infant- and Child-feeding Index and Nutritional Status: Results from a Cross-sectional Study among Children Attending an Urban Hospital in Bangladesh

Authors

  • Tahmina Khatoon Department of Paediatrics, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka
  • Md Abid Hossain Mollah Department of Paediatrics, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka
  • Ahmed Murtaza Choudhury Department of Paediatrics, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka
  • M Munirul Islam icddr,b, GPO Box 128, Dhaka
  • Kazi Mizanur Rahman icddr,b, GPO Box 128, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v29i4.8450

Keywords:

Cross-sectional studies, Child-feeding practices, Child nutrition, Child nutritional status, Infant- and child-feeding index, Infant-feeding practices, Infant nutrition, Infant nutritional status, Bangladesh

Abstract

Integration of infant- and child-feeding index (ICFI) addressing the multidimensional child-feeding practices into one age-specific summary index is gaining importance. This cross-sectional study was aimed at understanding the association between the ICFI and the nutritional status of 259 children, aged 6-23 months, who attended the paediatric outpatient department of the Dhaka Medical College Hospital in Bangladesh. The mean length-for-age z-score (LAZ) of children aged 12-23 months was significantly (p<0.05) higher among those who were at the upper ICFI tercile compared to those who were at the middle or lower ICFI tercile (-2.01 and -3.20 respectively). A significant correlation was found between the ICFI and the LAZ (r=0.24, p=0.01 and r=0.29, p=0.01) in children aged 6-8-months and 12-23-months. Multivariable analysis, after adjusting for potential confounders, also found a significant association between the ICFI and the LAZ (β=0.13, p=0.03). The predictive capability of the proposed ICFI on nutritional status of children, especially length-for-age, needs to be further evaluated prospectively among healthy children in the community.

Key words: Cross-sectional studies; Child-feeding practices; Child nutrition; Child nutritional status; Infant- and child-feeding index; Infant-feeding practices: Infant nutrition; Infant nutritional status; Bangladesh

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v29i4.8450

JHPN 2011; 29(4): 349-356

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How to Cite

Khatoon, T., Hossain Mollah, M. A., Choudhury, A. M., Islam, M. M., & Rahman, K. M. (2011). Association between Infant- and Child-feeding Index and Nutritional Status: Results from a Cross-sectional Study among Children Attending an Urban Hospital in Bangladesh. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 29(4), 349–356. https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v29i4.8450

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Original Papers