Seroprevalence of Hepatitis A among Thai Population Residing Near Myanmar Border

Authors

  • Pornpimol Rianthavorn Center of Excellence in Clinical Virology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok
  • Apinya Fakthongyoo Umphang Hospital, Tak
  • Siriwan Yamsut Umphang Hospital, Tak
  • Apiradee Theamboonlers Center of Excellence in Clinical Virology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok
  • Yong Poovorawan Center of Excellence in Clinical Virology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v29i2.7861

Keywords:

Hepatitis A, Seroprevalence, Myanmar, Thailand

Abstract

When compared with Thailand, the seroprevalence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) is extremely high among its neighbouring countries. To investigate the seroprevalence of HAV among the Thai people residing in the border area between Thailand and Myanmar, 308 residents in Umphang, Maesod district, Tak, were recruited. Sera were tested for HAV IgG antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The overall seroprevalence among the Thai people residing in the border area of Thailand was significantly higher than that among the general Thai population (71% vs 27% respectively, p<0.05). As asymptomatic or mild HAV infection typically occurs in children, the Thai people residing in the border area may receive little benefit from universal HAV vaccination. Lower protective antibodies against HAV, along with the exclusion of HAV vaccine from the Expanded Programme on Immunization, potentially increase the susceptibility to HAV among the general Thai population and may lead to more future outbreaks if HAV is introduced from the border areas. The findings suggest that HAV vaccines should be recommended to travellers before their journey to the border between Thailand and Myanmar where HAV is endemic.

Key words: Hepatitis A; Seroprevalence; Myanmar; Thailand

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v29i2.7861

J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2011 Apr;29(2):174-177

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How to Cite

Rianthavorn, P., Fakthongyoo, A., Yamsut, S., Theamboonlers, A., & Poovorawan, Y. (2011). Seroprevalence of Hepatitis A among Thai Population Residing Near Myanmar Border. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 29(2), 174–177. https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v29i2.7861

Issue

Section

Short Report