Self-reported Body Changes and Associated Factors in Persons Living with HIV

Authors

  • Kelly Virecoulon Giudici Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo
  • Ana Clara FL Duran Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo
  • Patricia Constante Jaime Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v28i6.6604

Keywords:

Body-weight, Cross-sectional studies, Diet, HAART, HIV, Perceptions, Brazil

Abstract

The study aimed at verifying the associated factors of self-perceived body changes in adults living with HIV in highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. This cross-sectional study was conducted among people living with HIV on HAART for at least three months. A standardized question­naire was used for assessing self-perceived body changes. Associated factors relating to self-reported body changes in people living with HIV (PLHIV) were assessed with Student’s t-test and chi-square test. In total, 507 patients were evaluated. The mean time since diagnosis was 6.6 years [standard deviation (SD)±4.1], and the mean duration of HAART was 5.1 years (SD±3.3). Self-perceived body changes were reported by 79.5% of the participants and were associated with viral load and duration of HAART. Fibre intake was lower among males who gained in abdominal fat (p=0.035). HAART-related body changes were reported by the large majority of the population and were associated with demographic and clinical variables.

Key words: Body-weight; Cross-sectional studies; Diet; HAART; HIV; Perceptions; Brazil

DOI: 10.3329/jhpn.v28i6.6604

J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2010 Dec;28(6):560-566

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How to Cite

Giudici, K. V., Duran, A. C. F., & Jaime, P. C. (2010). Self-reported Body Changes and Associated Factors in Persons Living with HIV. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 28(6), 560–566. https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v28i6.6604

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Section

Original Papers