Association between Serum Ferritin and Goitre in Iranian School Children

Authors

  • Mahin Hashemipour Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • Fehimeh Soheilipour Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Medical Students Research Center, School of Medicine, and Vice Chancellery for Research, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • Mansour Siavash Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • Masoud Amini Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • Roya Kelishadi Preventive Pediatric Cardiology Department, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v28i2.4883

Keywords:

Cross-sectional studies, Goitre, Iodine, Iron deficiency, Serum ferritin, Iran

Abstract

Despite long-standing supplementation of iodine in Iran, the prevalence of goitre among general people remains high in some regions. The study investigated the role of iron status in the aetiology of goitre in school children in Isfahan, Iran. Two thousand three hundred and thirty-one school children were selected by multi-stage random sampling. Thyroid size was estimated by inspection and palpation. Urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and serum ferritin (SF) were measured. Overall, 32.9% of the children had goitre. The median UIC was 195.5 μg/L. The mean±SD of SF in the goitrous and non-goitrous children was 47.65±42.51 and 44.55±37.07 μg/L respectively (p=0.52). The prevalence of iron deficiency in goitrous and non-goitrous children was 9.6% and 3.1% respectively (p=0.007). Goitre is still prevalent in school children of Isfahan. However, their median UIC was well in the accepted range. Iron deficiency is associated with goitre in a small group of goitrous children. The role of goitrogens should also be investigated in this region.

Key words: Cross-sectional studies; Goitre; Iodine; Iron deficiency; Serum ferritin; Iran

DOI: 10.3329/jhpn.v28i2.4883

J Health Popul Nutr 2010 Apr; 28(2): 137-142

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How to Cite

Hashemipour, M., Soheilipour, F., Keshteli, A. H., Siavash, M., Amini, M., & Kelishadi, R. (2010). Association between Serum Ferritin and Goitre in Iranian School Children. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 28(2), 137–142. https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v28i2.4883

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Original Papers