Maternal Deaths in the City of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2000-2003
Keywords:Causes of death, HIV, Hypertensive disorders, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Vital statistics, Women's health, Brazil
The study describes the characteristics of maternal deaths in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, during 2000-2003. After investigation by public-health services, 217 maternal deaths were identified among predominantly non-white (48.9%), single (57.1%) women aged 29.6±7.3 years on average. Direct obstetric causes corresponded to 77.4% of the maternal deaths, mainly due to hypertensive disorders. HIV-related diseases accounted for 4% of the maternal deaths. Almost three-fourths of the mothers who died were aged 20-39 years, although the highest risk of maternal death corresponded to the age-group of 40-49 years (248.9 per 100,000 livebirths). The socioeconomic and demographic profiles of maternal deaths in the city of Rio de Janeiro reflected a vulnerable social situation. Appropriate interventions aimed at reducing maternal mortality need to encompass all women of childbearing age, irrespective of the magnitude of the risk of maternal death.
Key words: Causes of death; HIV; Hypertensive disorders; Maternal health; Maternal mortality; Vital statistics; Women's health; Brazil
DOI: 10.3329/jhpn.v27i6.4331J Health Popul Nutr 2009 Dec; 27(6): 794-801