Association between Maternal Anaemia and Postpartum Depression in an Urban Sample of Pregnant Women in Iran

Authors

  • Azita Goshtasebi Family Health Research Group, Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR,Tehran
  • Mozhgan Alizadeh Imam Hospital, Sari
  • Samira Behboudi Gandevani Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v31i3.16832

Keywords:

Anaemia, Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale, Haemoglobin, Postpartum depression, Iran

Abstract

The aim of this prospective study was to determine the relationship between anaemia during pregnancy and postpartum depression. Two hundred eighty-one non-anaemic mothers with singleton and low-risk pregnancy and no history of antidepressant-use were studied. Demographic and reproductive data at week 20 were obtained. Mothers were followed up and haemoglobin (Hb) was checked at delivery. Iranian version of Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) was completed 4-6 weeks after delivery. Mean age of the mothers was 26.6}4 years. The prevalence of postpartum depression according to EPDS was 5.5%. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that Hb <11 g/dL at delivery would increase the chance of postpartum depression (OR 4.64; 95% CI 1.33-16.08). The results show that diagnosis and treatment of physiologic factors, especially anaemia, would reduce the risk of postpartum depression.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v31i3.16832

J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2013 Sep; 31(3): 398-402

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Published

2013-11-04

How to Cite

Goshtasebi, A., Alizadeh, M., & Gandevani, S. B. (2013). Association between Maternal Anaemia and Postpartum Depression in an Urban Sample of Pregnant Women in Iran. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 31(3), 398–402. https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v31i3.16832

Issue

Section

Short Report