Prevalence of Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases in a District of Gujarat, India

Authors

  • Aroor Bhagyalaxmi Department of Community Medicine, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat,
  • Trivedi Atul Department of Community Medicine, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat,
  • Jain Shikha Department of Community Medicine, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v31i1.14752

Keywords:

Cross-sectional study, Non-communicable diseases, Risk factors, WHO STEPS

Abstract

The study attempted to identify the prevalence and distribution of risk factors of non-communicable diseases among urban and rural population in Gujarat, India. Using the WHO stepwise approach, a crosssectional study was carried out among 1,805 urban and 1,684 rural people of 15-64 years age-group. Information on behavioural and physiological risk factors of non-communicable diseases was obtained through standardized protocol. High prevalence of smoking (22.8%) and the use of smokeless tobacco (43.4%) were observed among rural men compared to urban men (smoking-12.8% and smokeless tobacco consumption-23.1%). There was a significant difference in the average consumption of fruits and vegetables between urban (2.18±1.59 servings) and rural (1.78±1.48 servings) area. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was observed to be high among urban men and women in all age-groups compared to rural men and women. Prevalence of behavioural risk factors, overweight, and obesity increased with age in both the areas. Twenty-nine percent of the urban residents and 15.4% of the rural residents were found to have raised blood pressure, and the difference was found to be statistically significant (p<0.01). For both men and women, the prevalence of overweight and obesity, hypertension, and lack of physical activities were significantly higher in the urban population while smoking, smokeless tobacco consumption, poor consumption of fruits and vegetables were more prevalent in the rural population. The results highlight the need for interventions and approaches for the prevention of risk factors of non-communicable diseases in rural and urban areas.

J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2013 Mar;31(1):78-85

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v31i1.14752

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Published

2013-04-25

How to Cite

Bhagyalaxmi, A., Atul, T., & Shikha, J. (2013). Prevalence of Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases in a District of Gujarat, India. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 31(1), 78–85. https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v31i1.14752

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Section

Original Papers