Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance of Vibrio cholerae O1 Biotype El Tor Strains Isolated in a Tertiary-care Centre in India

Authors

  • Jharna Mandal Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry
  • Dinoop KP Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry
  • Subhash Chandra Parija Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v30i1.11270

Keywords:

Antibiotic resistance, Cholera, Ceftriaxone, Ciprofloxacin, Drug resistance, Microbial, Tetracycline, Vibrio cholerae, India

Abstract

The antimicrobial susceptibility patterns are on constant change with the recent emergence of multidrugresistant  strains of most bacteria. Results of recent studies in India showed that most isolates of Vibrio  cholerae O1 were resistant to the commonly-used antibiotics. The study was conducted to determine the  antibiotic susceptibility patterns of V. cholerae O1 isolated during 2008-2010 at the hospital of the Jawaharlal  Nehru Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India. In total, 154 strains  of V. cholerae O1 from 2,658 stool specimens were reported during January 2008December 201034 in  2008, 2 in 2009, and 118 in 2010. The isolates of V. cholerae O1 were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility  testing using the Kirby-Bauer method. The antibiotic disks tested were tetracycline (30 ?g), furazolidone  (100 ?g), ampicillin (10 ?g), ceftriaxone (30 ?g), and ciprofloxacin (5 ?g). Escherichia coli ATCC 25922  was used as the control organism. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin,  and tetracycline were determined using the agar dilution method for all the strains. The E-test  method was used for the strains which had either intermediate resistance or were resistant to the antibiotics  by the agar dilution method. The results of the agar dilution corroborated the results of the E-test. The MIC  of ceftriaxone in 151 strains was <2 ?g/mL while it was 16 ?g/mL in three strains; the latter three strains  were resistant to ceftriaxone by the disc-diffusion test. The MIC of ciprofloxacin in 150 strains was <0.5  ?g/mL while the MIC of tetracycline was <1 ?g/mL. In the remaining four strains, the MIC of tetracycline  was >32 ?g/mL, and the MIC of ciprofloxacin was >8 ?g/mL. These four strains were resistant to both tetracycline  and ciprofloxacin by the disc-diffusion test and were exclusive of the three ceftriaxone-resistant  strains. The majority of the isolates were obtained from children aged 0-5 year(s)70.3% (83 of 118) and  41.2% (14 of 34) were reported in 2010 and 2008 respectively. Since treating severe cases of cholera with  antibiotics is important, the continuing spread of resistance in V. cholerae to the most important agents of  therapy is a matter of concern. Also, chemoprophylaxis with antimicrobial agents is likely to become even  more difficult.

 

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v30i1.11270

 

J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2012 Mar;30(1):12-16

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Published

2012-07-17

How to Cite

Mandal, J., KP, D., & Parija, S. C. (2012). Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance of Vibrio cholerae O1 Biotype El Tor Strains Isolated in a Tertiary-care Centre in India. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 30(1), 12–16. https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v30i1.11270

Issue

Section

Review Article