A Study of Risk Factors in Young Patients of Acute Coronary Syndrome

  • Prodip Kumar Biswas Associate Professor of Medicine, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka
  • Md Hafiz Sardar Professor, Department of Medicine, Dhaka Medical College
  • Gopal Chandra Saha Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology and Imaging, Institute of Child and Mother Health, Dhaka
  • Mohammad Zaid Hossain Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Dhaka Medical College
  • Mohammed Shahadat Hossain Assistant Professor of Medicine, OSD, DGHS. Attached to Faridpur Medical College, Faridpur
  • Tushit Paul Honorary Medical Officer, Dept. of Medicine, Dhaka Medical College, Hospital, Dhaka
  • Khan Abul Kalam Azad Professor & Head, Department of Medicine, Dhaka Medical College, Hospital, Dhaka
Keywords: Acute Coronary Syndrome, Cardiac Enzyme, Dyslipidemia. Risk Factors

Abstract

Aim: The study was carried out to see the risk factors of Acute Coronary Syndrome in young patients.

Materials and Methods: This is a prospective study which was carried out in 60 young patients (18-40 years of age) with a diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome admitted to Dhaka medical college Hospital, Dhaka. over a period of 02 years from January 2016 to January 2018. Acute Coronary Syndrome was diagnosed by clinical history, ECG evaluation and Serum Cardiac enzyme Troponin I and CK-MB estimation.

Result: Most of the patients (73%) had a sedentary lifestyle and 50% had dyslipidemia. 40% patients were taking a diet rich in fats, 37% patients were diabetic, 33% were hypertensive, 37% patients consume oral tobacco, 30% were smokers, 13% were obese and 17% were alcoholics. The family history of premature coronary artery disease was present in only 13% of cases. In our study, none of the patients had consumed oral contraceptive pills.

Conclusion: The most important modifiable risk factor is the sedentary lifestyle. The commonest non-modifiable risk factor is Male sex. Smoking, oral tobacco consumption, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and diet modification are other important modifiable risk factors in young adults.

J Dhaka Medical College, Vol. 28, No.1, April, 2019, Page 3-6

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Abstract
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Published
2020-03-02
How to Cite
Biswas, P. K., Sardar, M. H., Saha, G. C., Hossain, M. Z., Hossain, M. S., Paul, T., & Azad, K. A. (2020). A Study of Risk Factors in Young Patients of Acute Coronary Syndrome. Journal of Dhaka Medical College, 28(1), 3-6. https://doi.org/10.3329/jdmc.v28i1.45748
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Original Articles