Clonazepam Versus Diazepam as Sedative in Elective Caesarean Section Under Spinal Anaesthesia

Authors

  • Md Enayet Karim Colonel & Classified Specialist in Anaesthesiology, Combined Military Hospital, Chattogram
  • Mohammad Saleh Akram Major & Graded Specialist in Anaesthesiology, Combined Military Hospital, Chattogram
  • R A M Mustafijur Rashid Lt Col & Graded Specialist in Anaesthesiology, Combined Military Hospital, Chattogram
  • Reza Ershad Brig Gen (Retd) & Professor of Anaesthesiology, East West Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/iahsmj.v5i2.66823

Keywords:

Clonazepam; Diazepam; Sedation; Spinal anaesthesia

Abstract

Background: Regional anaesthesia has become an important anaesthetic technique now a days. The use of spinal anaesthesia is often limited by the unwillingness of patients to remain awake during surgery. Pharmacologically induced tranquility improves acceptance of regional technique. This study compares Clonazepam and Diazepam in terms of onset and recovery of sedation, haemodynamic effects and adverse effects of both the drugs during elective caesarian section under spinal anaesthesia.

Materials and methods: This randomized clinical trial included 60 ASA (American Society of Anaesthesiologists) grade I patients between age 20-40 years undergoing elective Caesarean sections under spinal anaesthesia during the period of January 2022 to June 2022. Patients were randomly allocated to one of two groups: Clonazepam group (Group C, n=30), who received Clonazepam in a single dose of 0.015mg/kg and Diazepam group (Group D, n=30), who received Diazepam in a single dose of 0.15mg/kg.

Results: There was no significant difference of mean blood pressure and mean heart rate between the two groups (p>0.05). Time of onset and duration of sedation was comparable between the two groups (p value 0.759 and 0.652 respectively). Percentage of patient satisfaction was comparable between the two groups(80% vs 86.66%, p value 0.841). Incidence of pain in arm during drug administration was significantly more in Diazepam group (10% vs 100%, p<0.001).

Conclusion: Both Clonazepam and Diazepam have satisfactory haemodynamic stability and sedation characteristic in single dose technique during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section.

IAHS Medical Journal Vol 5(2), Dec 2022; 20-24

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Published

2023-06-25

How to Cite

Karim, M. E. ., Akram, M. S. ., Rashid, R. A. M. M. ., & Ershad, R. . (2023). Clonazepam Versus Diazepam as Sedative in Elective Caesarean Section Under Spinal Anaesthesia . IAHS Medical Journal, 5(2), 20–24. https://doi.org/10.3329/iahsmj.v5i2.66823

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Original Article