Simulation of Thermodynamic Features of a Thunderstorm Event over Dhaka using WRF-ARW Model

  • Md Mijanur Rahman Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka
  • Md Abdus Samad Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka
  • SM Quamrul Hassan Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Agargaon, Dhaka
Keywords: Thunderstorm, WRF-ARW Model, FNL, CAPE

Abstract

An attempt has been made to simulate the thermodynamic features of the thunderstorm (TS) event over Dhaka (23.81°N, 90.41°E) occurred from 1300 UTC to 1320 UTC of 4 April 2015 using Advanced Research dynamics solver of Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF-ARW). The model was run to conduct a simulation for 48 hours on a single domain of 5 km horizontal resolution utilizing six hourly Global Final Analysis (FNL) datasets from 0600 UTC of 3 April 2015 to 0600 UTC of 5 April 2015 as initial and lateral boundary conditions. Kessler schemes for microphysics, Yonsei University (YSU) scheme for planetary boundary layer (PBL) parametrization, Revised MM5 scheme for surface layer physics, Rapid Radiative Transfer Model (RRTM) for longwave radiation, Dudhia scheme for shortwave radiation and Kain–Fritsch (KF) scheme for cumulus parameterization were used. Hourly outputs produced by the model have been analyzed numerically and graphically using Grid Analysis and Display System (GrADS). Deep analyses were carried out by examining several thermodynamic parameters such as mean sea level pressure (MSLP), wind pattern, vertical wind shear, vorticity, temperature, convective available potential energy (CAPE), relative humidity (RH) and rainfall. To validate the model performance, simulated values of MSLP, maximum and minimum temperature and RH were compared with observational data obtained from Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD). Rainfall values were compared with that of BMD and Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Based on the comparisons and validations, the present study advocates that the model captured the TS event reasonably well.

GANIT J. Bangladesh Math. Soc.Vol. 37 (2017) 131-145

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Abstract
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Published
2018-02-20
How to Cite
Rahman, M. M., Samad, M. A., & Hassan, S. (2018). Simulation of Thermodynamic Features of a Thunderstorm Event over Dhaka using WRF-ARW Model. GANIT: Journal of Bangladesh Mathematical Society, 37, 131-145. https://doi.org/10.3329/ganit.v37i0.35732
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