Somatic chromosome number and ploidy level in three Curcuma spp. from Bangladesh

Authors

  • Ishrat Jahan Bonna Department of Botany, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
  • Suma Akter Department of Botany, Jagannath University, Dhaka-1100, Bangladesh
  • Syeda Sharmeen Sultana Department of Botany, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/dujbs.v30i2.54639

Keywords:

Curcuma, Chromosome number, Polyploidy

Abstract

Three Curcuma L. species were investigated cytogenetically which represent diversed staining pattern of heterochromatins in interphase nuclei and prophase chromosomes with orcein staining. Curcuma longa and C. caesia were found to possess 2n = 3x = 63 somatic chromosomes whereas 2n = 2x = 42 chromosome number in C. zedoaria is reported for the first time from Bangladesh. Total chromosome length recorded in C. longa, C. caesia and C. zedoaria were 145.08 ± 2.85 μm, 164.93 ± 4.29 μm and 97.78 ± 2.41 μm, respectively. This was the first attempt to measure the length of the chromosomes for these species. The experiment confirmed the basic chromosome number x = 21 with triploid (C. longa, C. caesia) and diploid (C. zedoaria) Curcuma plants. Polyploidy could be employed in the evolution and diversification of the genus Curcuma, which is an essential factor to characterize the species of this genus.

Dhaka Univ. J. Biol. Sci. 30(2): 133-140, 2021 (July)

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Published

2021-07-09

How to Cite

Bonna, I. J., Akter, S., & Sultana, S. S. (2021). Somatic chromosome number and ploidy level in three Curcuma spp. from Bangladesh. Dhaka University Journal of Biological Sciences, 30(2), 133–140. https://doi.org/10.3329/dujbs.v30i2.54639

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