Molar Interactions of Some Aromatic Hydrocarbons in n-Heptane by Viscometric Measurements at 298.15K
The viscosities, η , of pure n-heptane, toluene, o-xylene, mesitylene, and some of their binary mixtures covering the whole composition range have been measured at 298.15K. Deviations in viscosity, ∆η , was calculated using experimental results. The concentration dependencies of η were correlated to polynomial expressions, whereas, ∆η were fitted to the Redlich–Kister equation. Moreover, the values of the excess Gibbs free energy of activation, ∆G#E, of these mixtures were determined. Viscosity measurements of the binary systems were correlated with Grunberg and Nissan the three-body and four-body McAllister expressions. In all systems, ∆η were found to be negative in the whole range of composition with a single lobe having minimum at 0.6 mple fraction of aromatic hydrocarbon. While dispersive forces are suggested to dominate in n-heptane + toluene, for the other two systems ‘favourable geometric fitting’ overpowers them due to the increasing number of – CH3 groups in the relevant aromatic hydrocarbons.
The Chittagong Univ. J. Sci. 40 : 97-110, 2018
Copyright (c) 2018 Md Kamrul Hossain, M Abdur Rahaman, Shamim Akhtar
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