Effect of nitrate ion on corrosion inhibition of mild steel in simulated cooling water

  • Siragul Karim Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Rajshahi
  • C. M. Mustafa Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Rajshahi
  • Md. Assaduzzaman Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Rajshahi
  • Mayeedul Islam Department of Chemistry, Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology
Keywords: Corrosion, Potentiodynamic sweep, Inhibitor


Corrosion inhibition of mild steel by sodium nitrite in simulated cooling water (SCW) containing chloride ion was investigated. Electrochemical techniques such as corrosion potential (Ecorr) measurement and potentiodynamic sweep experiments were used. The experimental parameters were concentration of the inhibitor, pH of the aqueous media and soaking time. Nitrite inhibited mild steel corrosion in near neutral and alkaline (pH 6 and above) SCW and accelerated corrosion in acidic media (pH 4 and below). Inhibition activity increased with the increase of nitrite concentration up to 500 ppm, and afterwards remained more or less constant at pH 6 and above. In stagnant SCW, maximum corrosion inhibition was observed at pH 8 for all concentration of NaNO2. Inhibition action of NaNO2 was found to increase with the increase of soaking time up to 24 hours, and afterwards it remained more or less constant at all nitrite concentrations at and above pH 6. Based on the experimental results, mechanisms of action of NaNO2 on mild steel corrosion inhibition in SCW have been proposed.

Keywords: Corrosion; Potentiodynamic sweep; Inhibitor

DOI = 10.3329/cerb.v14i2.4813

Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin 14 (2010) 87-91


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How to Cite
Karim, S., Mustafa, C., Assaduzzaman, M., & Islam, M. (2010). Effect of nitrate ion on corrosion inhibition of mild steel in simulated cooling water. Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin, 14(2), 87-91. https://doi.org/10.3329/cerb.v14i2.4813