Monitoring Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine Side Effects in Faridpur, Bangladesh: A Prospective Study

Authors

  • Khan Md Arif Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College, Faridpur
  • Rajib Biswas Study Physician, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
  • M M Shahin Ul Islam Associate Professor, Department of Gastrorenterology, BSMMC, Faridpur.
  • ATM Ataur Rahman Associate Professor, Department of Gastrorenterology, BSMMC, Faridpur.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmcj.v3i1.71916

Keywords:

COVID-19 vaccine, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Side effects, Bangladesh

Abstract

The Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine is effective in preventing illness and death from COVID-19. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the safety of the Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine in a population in Faridpur, Bangladesh. The study population included individuals who received both doses of the vaccine from Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College Hospital in Faridpur. We followed up with these individuals via phone interviews one week and one month after each vaccination to gather information about side effects. We found that the overall incidence of systemic and injection site side effects after the first and second doses was 36.5% and 34.7%, and 68.2% and 61.3%, respectively, among the 2256 studies population. The most common systemic side effects were fatigue, fever, and muscle pain, while the most common injection site symptoms were tenderness, pain, and redness. These side effects generally resolve within 24-72 hours after vaccination. Only a small percentage of individuals (1.3% after the first dose and 0.5% after the second dose) sought medical attention for their side effects. We also found that individuals with a history of chronic disease and those who had a history of COVID-19 symptoms had a significantly higher likelihood of experiencing side effects. In conclusion, the Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine was generally safe in this population, with a low incidence of side effects requiring medical attention.

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Med. Coll. J. 2024;3(1):16-21

Abstract
34
PDF
18

Downloads

Published

2024-03-25

How to Cite

Arif, . K. M. ., Biswas, R. ., Islam, M. M. S. U., & Rahman, A. A. . (2024). Monitoring Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine Side Effects in Faridpur, Bangladesh: A Prospective Study. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical College Journal, 3(1), 16–21. https://doi.org/10.3329/bsmmcj.v3i1.71916

Issue

Section

Original Article