Biological traits and susceptibility of Delia antiqua (Meigen, 1826) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in onion

  • Kamrun Nahar Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
  • Shanjida Sultana Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
  • Tangin Akter Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
  • Shefali Begum Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
Keywords: Biological trait, susceptibility, Delia antiqua, onion

Abstract

The pre-oviposition period of mated and unmated female reared on Bangladeshi and Indian onion was 4.5 ± 0.5, 4.37 ± 0.6 days and 4.11 ± 0.09, 4.45 ± 0.32 days, respectively. The oviposition period of mated and unmated female was 5.6 ± 0.6, 6.03 ± 0.6 days and 6.48 ± 0.39, 6.5 ± 0.34 days reared on Bangladeshi and Indian onion, respectively. The life cycle of Delia antiqua consisted of four definite stages: egg, larva, pupa and adult. The incubation period was1.38 ± 0.11 and 1.25 ± 0.05 days; larval period was 5.7 ± 0.7 and 5.4 ± 0.05 days; pupal period was 6.8 ± 0.2 and 6.08 ± 0.2 days, respectively. There were three larval instars in D. antiqua. To complete the total life cycle it required shorter period in Indian than in Bangladeshi onion. The total life cycle of female was 16.73 ± 0.89 and 15.29 ± 0.45 days, respectively on Bangladeshi and Indian onion. The difference between the life cycle of female was significant (p < 0.05) in Bangladeshi and Indian onion. Fecundity was higher in Indian than in Bangladeshi onion. The fecundity of female D. antiqua reared in Bangladeshi and Indian onion was 75.2 ± 4.09 and 89.2 ± 2.39, respectively and it was significantly (p < 0.05) varied. Female lived longer than male D. antiqua. It was more susceptible in Indian than Bangladeshi onion irrespective of the duration of life cycle and fecundity.

Bangladesh J. Zool. 47(2): 325-332, 2019

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Abstract
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Published
2019-12-12
How to Cite
Nahar, K., Sultana, S., Akter, T., & Begum, S. (2019). Biological traits and susceptibility of Delia antiqua (Meigen, 1826) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in onion. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology, 47(2), 325-332. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjz.v47i2.44343
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Articles