Handmade paper from waste banana fibre

  • KMY Arafat Pulp and Paper Research Division, BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka, Dr. Qudrat-i-Khuda Road, Dhaka-1205
  • J Nayeem Pulp and Paper Research Division, BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka, Dr. Qudrat-i-Khuda Road, Dhaka-1205
  • AH Quadery Pulp and Paper Research Division, BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka, Dr. Qudrat-i-Khuda Road, Dhaka-1205
  • MA Quaiyyum Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Dhaka University, Dhaka
  • M Sarwar Jahan Pulp and Paper Research Division, BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka, Dr. Qudrat-i-Khuda Road, Dhaka-1205
Keywords: Banana wastes, Waste banana fiber, Extracted banana fiber pulping, Handmade paper

Abstract

Banana fibre is a natural fibre with high strength, which can be blended easily with cotton fibre or synthetic fibre to produce composite material. In the fiber extraction process, a substantial amount of lignocellulosic wastes are generated, disposal of which creates problem in the adjacent area. In this paper, extracted banana fiber (EBF) and waste banana fiber (WBF) were characterized in terms of chemical and morphological properties to produce handmade paper. WBF was characterized with lower α–cellulose, lignin content and longer fiber length. Pulping of EBF and WBF was carried out with varying active alkali and cooking time at boiling temperature. Pulp yield of WBF was 35.9% after 120 min of cooking with 8% alkali charge. In the unbeaten state the degrees of drainage resistance i.e. SR values were 65 and 71 for EBF and WBF, respectively. The tensile, burst and tear indices of WBF were 23.7 N.m/g, 2.2 kPa.m2/g and 5.0 mN.m2/g, respectively; these were much lower as compared to EBF. These values however, meet the requirement for handmade paper.

Bangladesh J. Sci. Ind. Res.53(2), 83-88, 2018

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Author Biography

KMY Arafat, Pulp and Paper Research Division, BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka, Dr. Qudrat-i-Khuda Road, Dhaka-1205


Published
2018-05-27
How to Cite
Arafat, K., Nayeem, J., Quadery, A., Quaiyyum, M., & Jahan, M. (2018). Handmade paper from waste banana fibre. Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 53(2), 83-88. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjsir.v53i2.36668
Section
Articles