Organochlorine insecticides (DDT and heptachlor) in dry fish: Traditional washing and cooking effect on dietary intake
The concentrations of organochlorine insecticides (DDT and heptachlor) were investigated to estimate the effect of various washing and boiling/cooking to elucidate the concentration level we intake actually. For this study five most popular dry fish samples namely bombay duck (loittya), ribbon fish (chhuri), shrimp (chingri), chinese pomfret (rupchanda) and Indian salmon (lakhua) were analyzed. The highest concentrations of DDT and heptachlor were found 737.238 ppb (Indian salmon, normal) and 44.806 ppb (shrimp, normal) respectively; after boiling treatment a big amount was washed out and remained only 135.516 ppb and 16.868 ppb respectively. Boiling treatment was found more effective than the others.
Barua S. Escaping from organic chemical pollutants. The new nation. Internet edition. November 19, 2007; http://nation.ittefaq.com/rss.xml
BCAS. Bangladesh Env. News Letter; No. 6, Vol. 2, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 1990; http://www.sos-arsenic.net/english/export/1.html
Bhuiyan MNH, Bhuiyan HR, Rahim M, Ahmed K, Haque KMF, Hassan MT, Bhuiyan MNI. Screening of organochlorine insecticides (DDT and heptachlor) in dry fish available in Bangladesh. Bangladesh J Pharmacol. 2008; 3: 114-20
Bouwman H, Sereda B, Meinhardt HM. Simultaneous presence of DDT and pyrethroid residues in human breast milk from a malaria endemic area in South Africa. Environ Pollut. 2006; 144: 90217.
Brown AJ. Pesticide exposure linked to asthma. Sci Am. 2007; 162: 890-97.
Clapp RW, Jacobs MM, Loechler EL. Environmental and occupational causes of cancer: New evidence 2005-2007. Rev Environ Health 2008; 23: 137.
Dikshit AK, Handa SK, Verma S. Residues of methamidophos and effect of washing and cooking in cauliflower, cabbage and Indian colza. Indian J Agric Sci. 1986; 56: 661-66.
Elkins ER. Effect of commercial processing on pesticide residues in selected fruits and vegetables. J Assoc Anal Chem. 1989; 72: 533-35.
Farrow RP, Elkins ER, Rose WW, Lamb FC, Rall JW, Mercher WA. Canning operations that reduce insecticide level in prepared foods and in solid food wastes. Residue Rev. 1969; 29: 73-87.
Geisman JR. Reduction of pesticide residues in food crops by processing. Residue Rev. 1975; 54: 43-54.
Gunther FA, Carmen GE, Blinn RD, Barkley JH. Persistence of residues of glutathione on and in mature lemons and oranges in laboratory processed citrus pulp. Cattle Feed. 1963; 11: 424-27.
Jones OAH, Maguire ML, Griffin JL. Environmental pollution and diabetes: A neglected association. Lancet 2008; 371: 28788.
Kumari B, Kumar R., Madan VK, Singh R, Singh J, Kathpal TS. Magnitude of pesticidal contamination in winter vegetables from Hisar, Haryana. Environ Monit Assess. 2003; 87: 311-18.
Kumari B, Madan VK, Kumar R, Kathpal TS. Monitoring of seasonal vegetables for pesticide residues. Environ Monit Assess. 2002; 74: 263-70.
Kumari B. Effects of household processing on reduction of pesticide residues in vegetables. ARPN J Agric Biol Sci. 2008; 3: 46-51.
LDWG (Lower Duwamish Waterway Group). LDW RI: Baseline HHRA Attachment 4. Toxicological Profiles for Chemicals of Potential Concern. 2007, p 39.
Madan VK, Kumari B, Singh RV, Kumar R, Kathpal TS. Monitoring of pesticide from farmgate samples of vegetables in Haryana. Pestic Res J. 1996; 8: 56-60.
Morrison RD, Newell AE. The cosolvation transport of DDT and toxaphene in xylene at a pesticide formulation facility. J Soil Contam. 1999; 8: 63-80.
Ntow WJ, Tagoe LM, Drechsel P, Kelderman P, Gijzen HJ, Nyarko E. Accumulation of persistent organochlorine contaminants in milk and serum of farmers from Ghana. Environ Res. 2008; 106: 1726.
Peter H, Zeumer H. Manual of pesticides residue. Analysis, vol. I, working group analysis. Germany, VCH, Pesticide Commission, 1987, pp 298-319.
Rogan WJ, Chen A. Health risks and benefits of bis(4-chlorophenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane (DDT). Lancet 2005; 366: 76373.
Sarode SV, Lal R. Persistence of residue of fenitrothion in or on okra. Indian J Agric Sci. 1982a; 52: 135-38.
Sarode SV, Lal R. Dissipation of fenitrothion residues on cauliflower. Indian J Agric Sci. 1982b; 52: 173-76.
Solomon G, Weiss P. Healthy milk, healthy baby. New York, Natural Resources Defense Council, 2001, Available: http://www.nrdc.org/breastmilk.
UNEP. United Nations Environment Program Chemicals. Indian ocean regional report. UNEP Chemicals is a part of UNEPs Technology, Industry and Economics Division, 2002, pp 15-67.
WHO. The WHO recommended classification of pesticides by hazard. Brit J Psychiatry. 2005; 187: 583-84.
Copyright (c) 2009 Md. Nurul Huda Bhuiyan, Habibur Rahman Bhuiyan, Kabir Ahmed, Mamtaz Dawlatana, K. M. Formuzul Haque, Matiur Rahim, Md. Nazrul Islam Bhuiyan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).