Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Solitary Thyroid Nodule with Histopathological Comparison
Keywords:Ultrasonography, Solitary thyroid nodule
Background: Thyroid gland is the largest gland of the body which secretes thyroid hormones named T3 & T4. Incidence of solitary thyroid nodule is common in Bangladesh.
Objectives: To validate the ultrasonography evaluation of solitary thyroid nodule comparing with histopathological diagnosis.
Methodology: This cross sectional study enrolled 75 patients of age range between 14 to 72 years during July 2016 to June 2018 and the study was carried out in the department of Radiology & Imaging of Ultrasonography evaluation was finally compared with histopathological diagnosis which was considered as gold standard.
Results: Among 75 patients are included in this study the age ranged between 14 to 72 years. Majority of the patients 37 (49.3%) were found between 31 to 40 years. 65 (86.3%) were female & 10 (13.3%) were male. All patients were presents with thyroid swelling. In USG findings Microcalcifications were present 9 (12%) in benign & 5(6.7%) in malignant cases. Presence of Halo were in all benign cases 14 (18.7%). Comet tail sign were in 5 (6.7%) in benign & 3 (4%) in malignant cases. Histological nodular goiter were 57 (76%), Follicular adenoma 8 (10.7%), Thyroditis 5 (6.7%) and Papillary carcinoma 4 (5.3%), Follicular Carcinoma 1 (1.3%).
Conclusion: This cross sectional study was carried out with an aim to determine the usefulness of ultrasonogram diagnosis of solitary thyroid nodule compared with histopathology findings. As the validity test results are higher, it can be concluded that the ultrasonogram is a useful diagnostic modality in the evaluation of solitary thyroid nodule.
Bangladesh J Otorhinolaryngol; October 2019; 25(2): 76-84
How to Cite
Manuscripts submitted for publication in the Bangladesh Journal of Otorhinolaryngology must not have been previously submitted or published. Accepted papers become the permanent property of the Bangladesh Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. By submitting a manuscript, the authors(s) agree that copyrights for their articles are automatically transferred to Bangladesh Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, if and when the articles are accepted for publication.
The use, in this journal, of registered trade names, trade marks, etc. without special acknowledgement does not imply that such names, as defined by the relevant protection laws, be regarded as unprotected, and, thus, free for general use.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).