Anxiety Disorders: Recent Global Approach to Neuro-pathogenesis, Drug Treatment, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Their Implications

  • Abdullahi Rabiu Abubakar Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bayero University, Kano. Postcode: 700233, Kano, Nigeria
  • Ibrahim Haruna Sani Unit of Pharmacology, College of Health Sciences, Yusuf Maitama Sule University, Kano. Nigeria
  • Sani Malami Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bayero University, Kano. Postcode: 700233, Kano, Nigeria
  • Abudllahi Hamza Yaro Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bayero University, Kano. Postcode: 700233, Kano, Nigeria
  • Iffat Jahan Department of Physiology, Eastern Medical College, Cumilla, Bangladesh
  • Nihad Adnan Associate Professor of Microbiology, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh
  • Santosh Kumar Professor, Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Karnavati University, Gandhinagar - 382422, India
  • Salequl Islam Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh
  • Siddhartha Dutta Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
  • Jaykaran Charan Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
  • Mainul Haque Professor, Unit of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and Defence Health, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (National Defence University of Malaysia), Kem Sungai Besi, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Keywords: Linear regression analysis; COVID-19; Forecasting, Periodontology and Implantology

Abstract

Anxiety is a group of mental disorders characterized by the sudden feeling of intense fear, panic, shortness of breath, chest pain, restlessness, GIT problems, insomnia, fatigue, muscle tension, sweating, loss of memory, blurred vision, and impaired learning. It occurs typically in response to a stressful situation that may become pathological when it is no longer controlled or occurs in the absence of real threat. This review aimed to appraise the literature on the prevalence, classification, neuro-pathogenesis, diagnoses, and treatment of anxiety disorders (AD). The search was made using PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders affecting humans, especially among developing nations. In general, the lifetime prevalence of AD is about 14%, with an annual prevalence of 31%. Unfortunately, AD, in general, is underdiagnosed and undertreated globally.

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.20(3) 2021 p.487-503

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Abstract
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Published
2021-04-04
How to Cite
Abubakar, A., Sani, I., Malami, S., Yaro, A., Jahan, I., Adnan, N., Kumar, S., Islam, S., Dutta, S., Charan, J., & Haque, M. (2021). Anxiety Disorders: Recent Global Approach to Neuro-pathogenesis, Drug Treatment, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Their Implications. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 20(3), 487-503. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v20i3.52790
Section
Review Article