Benzodiazepine poisoning in Morocco: epidemiological study.

  • Aicha Detsouli Agronomic and vétérinary Institute, Hassan II Rabat, Morocco and Scientific Institute of Rabat, Mohammed V University Morocco
  • Naïma Rhalem Anti-Poison and Pharmacovigilance Center, Rabat, Morocco and Faculty of Medicine Rabat, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco
  • Zakaria Abidli PPR-B-Mokhtari-FS-UIT-Kenitra.Laboratory of Genetics and Biometry, Faculty of Science, IbnTofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
  • Sara Jadda PPR-B-Mokhtari-FS-UIT-Kenitra.Laboratory of Genetics and Biometry, Faculty of Science, IbnTofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
  • Mohamed Fekhaoui Scientific Institute of Rabat, Mohammed V University Morocco
  • Latifa Amiar Faculty of Science and Technology, University AbdelmalekEssaadi, Tangier, Morocco
  • Abdelmajid Soulaymani PPR-B-Mokhtari-FS-UIT-Kenitra.Laboratory of Genetics and Biometry, Faculty of Science, IbnTofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
  • Rachida Soulaymani Bencheikh Moroccan Anti-Poison and Pharmacovigilance Center, Rabat, Morocco and Faculty of Medicine Rabat, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco
  • Abdelrhani Mokhtari PPR-B-Mokhtari-FS-UIT-Kenitra.Laboratory of Genetics and Biometry, Faculty of Science, IbnTofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
Keywords: Poisoning; Benzodiazepines; Epidemiology; Morocco

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to describe the main epidemiological characteristics of benzodiazepine intoxication in Morocco.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of cases of benzodiazepine poisoning reported at the Poison Control and Pharmacovigilance Center of Morocco between 2012 and 2016.

Results: During the period 2012-2016, 1,544 cases of benzodiazepine poisoning were recorded in Morocco. The average age of the addicts is 21.68 ± 14.41 years. According to the data of the study, 70% are Female, with a sex ratio of 2.25.The suicidal act represents a significant percentage with 31.5% of cases. Almost all patients were orally intoxicated with 97.1%.The signs presented are various according to the quantity ingested and the time elapsed before the treatment in particular the psychiatric, neurological, digestive and cardiovascular disorders. Unfortunately, three cases died. The other cases survived with or without sequelae.

Conclusion: benzodiazepines are drugs used in the treatment of several disorders such as anxiety, insomnia and psychomotor agitation. Unfortunately, many people do not know how to use this type of medicine.which exposes them to poisoning, for this reason it is necessary to carry out sensitization campaigns for the good use of benzodiazepines at the national level.

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.20(2) 2021 p.396-400

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Abstract
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Published
2021-02-01
How to Cite
Detsouli, A., Rhalem, N., Abidli, Z., Jadda, S., Fekhaoui, M., Amiar, L., Soulaymani, A., Bencheikh, R., & Mokhtari, A. (2021). Benzodiazepine poisoning in Morocco: epidemiological study. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 20(2), 396-400. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v20i2.51555
Section
Original Articles