UVB Dose Optimization for Phototherapy in Vitamin D Deficiency : Profile Analysis of Vitamin D, TNF-α, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PDGF) in Wistar Rats
Keywords:UVB, Vitamin D, TNF-α, VEGF, PDGF
Background : UVB radiation responsible for the most important biological effects including Vitamin D3 synthesis and inflammation. UVB radiation are absorbed by 7-dehydrocholesterol in the plasma membrane of epidermal cells resulting in production of cis-previtamin D3. In the other hand, an exposure to UVB leads to cutaneous tissue inflammation modulates by TNF-α which also increases platelet activating factor. VEGF and PDGF induced by TNF-α during wound healing, characterized with angiogenesis and reephitalization. Furthermore, vitamin D plays a role in inflammation inhibition and upregulates growth factors. However, the study of the mechanism has not yet been thoroughly investigated.
Methods: This study uses post test only group design, subjected wistar rats divided into four groups. Control group, non irradiated with UVB, and the other three groups, treated with graded UVB dose started with 1 MED (50 mJ/cm2), 2 MED (100mJ/cm2) and 3 MED (150 mJ/cm2) and investigated at 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours post UVB irradiation.
Result : The serum level of vitamin D, VEGF and PDGF were increasing due to UVB dose addition. The highest level was reached at 6 hours post radiation using 3 MED, which gradually decrease up to 48 hours (p =0,000). The rise of vitamin D after UVB radiation, inhibit TNF-α induction in every dose accordant UVB dose addition and the lowest level is using 3 MED at 12 hours post radiation (p =0,000). TNF-α reach its highest level at 24 hours post radiation using 1 MED, it is related with the acute phase of inflammation.
Conclusion : This study reveal that higher UVB irradiance increases vitamin D and inhibit TNF-α which also promotes VEGF and PDGF.
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.19(4) 2020 p.749-754
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